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Table 1 Characteristics of the women who were interviewed for the domestic violence module during the National Family health Surveys Round 3 and 4, India

From: Trends and correlates of intimate partner violence experienced by ever-married women of India: results from National Family Health Survey round III and IV

Background Characteristics

NFHS-3

NFHS-4

Unweighted Frequency (weighted percentage)

Unweighted Frequency (weighted percentage)

Total

64,607 (100)

62,716 (100)

Age of the respondent

 15–19

4702 (7.3)

2253 (3.6)

 20–24

11,674 (18.1)

9701 (15.5)

 25–34

12,923 (20)

12,612 (20.1)

 35+

35,307 (54.7)

38,150 (60.8)

Respondents education status

 No education

30,485 (47.2)

19,892 (31.7)

 Primary

9823 (15.2)

8835 (14.1)

 Secondary+

24,295 (37.6)

33,989 (54.2)

Partner’s Education status

 No education

17,218 (26.7)

11,416 (18.3)

 Primary

10,539 (16.3)

9407 (15)

 Secondary+

36,850 (57)

41,731 (66.7)

Wealth Status

 Poorest

12,197 (18.9)

10,586 (16.9)

 Poorer

12,847 (19.9)

12,065 (19.2)

 Middle

12,867 (19.9)

12,864 (20.5)

 Richer

13,116 (20.3)

13,337 (21.3)

 Richest

13,580 (21)

13,864 (22.1)

Religion

 Hindu

52,569 (81.4)

50,856 (81.1)

 Others

12,038 (18.6)

11,859 (18.9)

Place of residence

 Urban

19,808 (30.7)

22,070 (35.2)

 Rural

44,799 (69.3)

40,646 (64.8)

Region

 North

8127 (12.6)

8050 (12.8)

 Central

15,829 (24.5)

13,900 (22.2)

 East

14,964 (23.2)

14,107 (22.5)

 North-east

2235 (3.5)

2114 (3.4)

 West

9463 (14.7)

9735 (15.5)

 South

13,990 (21.7)

14,810 (23.6)

Parity

 0

6563 (10.2)

6072 (9.7)

 1–2

25,772 (39.9)

32,119 (51.2)

 3+

32,272 (50)

24,525 (39.1)

Economic empowerment status

 Not empower

27,743 (44.2)

 Empower

34,973 (55.8)

Witnessing parental Violence

 Yes

52,713 (81.6)

49,642 (79.2)

 No

11,894 (18.4)

13,074 (20.9)

Duration of cohabitation in years

 0–4

11,844 (18.3)

11,913 (19.0)

 5–9

12,823 (19.9)

11,260 (18.0)

 10–14

11,277 (17.5)

10,493 (16.7)

 15–19

10,352 (16)

10,071 (16.1)

 20+

18,311 (28.3)

18,980 (30.3)

Number of co wives

 None

63,513 (98.3)

61,733 (98.0)

 One and more

1094 (1.7)

983 (2.0)

Age at first marriage

 Below 18

38,301 (59.3)

27,040 (43.1)

 More than 18 years

26,306 (40.7)

35,676 (56.9)

Partners controlling behaviours

 Yes

38,833 (60.1)

33,763 (53.8)

 No

25,774 (39.9)

28,953 (46.2)

Partner drink alcohol

 Yes

43,948 (68)

45,153 (72.0)

 No

20,659 (32)

17,563 (28.0)