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Table 1 Characteristics of the women who were interviewed for the domestic violence module during the National Family health Surveys Round 3 and 4, India

From: Trends and correlates of intimate partner violence experienced by ever-married women of India: results from National Family Health Survey round III and IV

Background Characteristics NFHS-3 NFHS-4
Unweighted Frequency (weighted percentage) Unweighted Frequency (weighted percentage)
Total 64,607 (100) 62,716 (100)
Age of the respondent
 15–19 4702 (7.3) 2253 (3.6)
 20–24 11,674 (18.1) 9701 (15.5)
 25–34 12,923 (20) 12,612 (20.1)
 35+ 35,307 (54.7) 38,150 (60.8)
Respondents education status
 No education 30,485 (47.2) 19,892 (31.7)
 Primary 9823 (15.2) 8835 (14.1)
 Secondary+ 24,295 (37.6) 33,989 (54.2)
Partner’s Education status
 No education 17,218 (26.7) 11,416 (18.3)
 Primary 10,539 (16.3) 9407 (15)
 Secondary+ 36,850 (57) 41,731 (66.7)
Wealth Status
 Poorest 12,197 (18.9) 10,586 (16.9)
 Poorer 12,847 (19.9) 12,065 (19.2)
 Middle 12,867 (19.9) 12,864 (20.5)
 Richer 13,116 (20.3) 13,337 (21.3)
 Richest 13,580 (21) 13,864 (22.1)
Religion
 Hindu 52,569 (81.4) 50,856 (81.1)
 Others 12,038 (18.6) 11,859 (18.9)
Place of residence
 Urban 19,808 (30.7) 22,070 (35.2)
 Rural 44,799 (69.3) 40,646 (64.8)
Region
 North 8127 (12.6) 8050 (12.8)
 Central 15,829 (24.5) 13,900 (22.2)
 East 14,964 (23.2) 14,107 (22.5)
 North-east 2235 (3.5) 2114 (3.4)
 West 9463 (14.7) 9735 (15.5)
 South 13,990 (21.7) 14,810 (23.6)
Parity
 0 6563 (10.2) 6072 (9.7)
 1–2 25,772 (39.9) 32,119 (51.2)
 3+ 32,272 (50) 24,525 (39.1)
Economic empowerment status
 Not empower 27,743 (44.2)
 Empower 34,973 (55.8)
Witnessing parental Violence
 Yes 52,713 (81.6) 49,642 (79.2)
 No 11,894 (18.4) 13,074 (20.9)
Duration of cohabitation in years
 0–4 11,844 (18.3) 11,913 (19.0)
 5–9 12,823 (19.9) 11,260 (18.0)
 10–14 11,277 (17.5) 10,493 (16.7)
 15–19 10,352 (16) 10,071 (16.1)
 20+ 18,311 (28.3) 18,980 (30.3)
Number of co wives
 None 63,513 (98.3) 61,733 (98.0)
 One and more 1094 (1.7) 983 (2.0)
Age at first marriage
 Below 18 38,301 (59.3) 27,040 (43.1)
 More than 18 years 26,306 (40.7) 35,676 (56.9)
Partners controlling behaviours
 Yes 38,833 (60.1) 33,763 (53.8)
 No 25,774 (39.9) 28,953 (46.2)
Partner drink alcohol
 Yes 43,948 (68) 45,153 (72.0)
 No 20,659 (32) 17,563 (28.0)