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Table 2 Population Characteristics by Pap Smear Testing among Females Aged 15–49 Years in South Africa

From: Determinants and levels of cervical Cancer screening uptake among women of reproductive age in South Africa: evidence from South Africa Demographic and health survey data, 2016

Ever had a Pap Smear
Population Characteristics No Yes Total
5903
N % N %
Women’s age group χ2 = 724.9315; p = 0.000
 15–24 1291 92.6 103 7.4 1394
 25–34 839 66.2 429 33.8 1268
 35–44 445 47.5 492 52.5 937
 45+ 1230 53.4 1074 46.6 2304
Population Group χ2 = 306.7635; p = 0.000
 African/Black 3442 68.7 1568 31.3 5010
 White 59 23.5 192 76.5 251
 Coloured 273 48.2 293 51.8 566
 Indian/Asian 31 40.8 45 59.2 76
Geographical Type χ2 = 183.8032; p = 0.000
 Urban 1828 56.7 1392 43.2 3220
 Rural 1977 73.7 706 26.3 2683
Educational Attainment χ2 = 164.2445; p = 0.000
 No education 434 76.3 135 23.7 569
 Primary 665 65.3 353 34.7 1018
 Secondary 2483 65.8 1293 34.2 3776
 Higher 223 42.3 317 68.7 540
Occupation χ2 = 238.79335; p = 0.000
 Not working 2903 70.3 1224 29.7 4127
 Professional/Formal 462 45.3 558 54.7 1020
 Non-professional/Informal 440 58.2 316 41.8 756
Marital Status χ2 = 327.8518; p = 0.000
 Never Married 2649 72.2 1018 27.8 3667
 Married 706 48.3 755 51.7 1461
 Divorced 32 28.3 81 71.7 113
 Widowed 418 63.1 244 36.9 662
Wealth Index χ2 = 339.9505; p = 0.000
 Poor 1829 75.7 591 24.3 2430
 Middle 891 67.7 426 32.4 1317
 Rich 1075 49.9 1081 50.1 2156
Health Insurance Cover χ2 = 246.2157; p = 0.000
 No 3489 68.3 1618 31.7 5107
 Yes 316 39.7 480 60.3 796
  1. Source: SADHS, 2016