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Table 2 Percentages of correct answers to HIV knowledge items (HIV-KQ-18) among sexually active students (SAS) and non-sexually active (NSAS) students

From: Factors associated with unsafe sexual behavior among sexually active Chinese University students, Hebei Province, 2019

  SAS
N = 901(%)
NONSAS N = 5799(%)
N = 5799
X2/p
1. Coughing and sneezing DO NOT spread HIV. 69.3 77.8 < 0.001
2. A person can get HIV by sharing a glass of water with someone who has HIV. 55.6 67.7 < 0.001
3. Pulling out the penis before a man climaxes/cums keeps a woman from getting HIV during sex. 81.2 63.8 < 0.001
4. A woman can get HIV if she has anal sex with a man. 78.5 77.4 0.49
5. Showering or washing one’s genitals/private parts after sex keeps a person from getting HIV. 73.7 72.2 0.61
6. All pregnant women infected with HIV will have babies born with AIDS. 40.4 56.0 < 0.001
7. People who have been infected with HIV quickly show serious signs of being infected. 75.9 85.2 < 0.001
8. There is a vaccine that can stop adults from getting HIV. 55.9 65.8 < 0.001
9. People are likely to get HIV by deep kissing, putting their tongue in their partner’s mouth, if their partner has HIV. 45.6 53.5 < 0.001
10. A woman cannot get HIV if she has sex during her period. 75.7 76.1 0.81
11. There is a female condom that can help decrease a woman’s chance of getting HIV. 62.6 63.1 0.75
12. A natural skin condom works better against HIV than does a latex condom. 29.5 22.3 < 0.001
13. A person will NOT get HIV if she or he is taking antibiotics. 57.2 61.3 0.02
14. Having sex with more than one partner can increase a person’s chance of being infected with HIV. 88.0 87.5 0.69
15. Taking a test for HIV one week after having sex will tell a person if she or he has HIV. 29.4 37.7 < 0.001
16. A person can get HIV by sitting in a hot tub or a swimming pool with a person who has HIV. 52.4 63.8 < 0.001
17. A person can get HIV from oral sex. 45.9 38.9 < 0.001
18. Using Vaseline or baby oil with condoms lowers the chance of getting HIV. 55.0 45 < 0.001