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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of the complete sample (M = Mean; SD = standard deviation)

From: Are informal family caregivers stigmatized differently based on their gender or employment status?: a German study on public stigma towards informal long-term caregivers of older individuals

Stigma M(SD) / N(%)
Emotional reaction to informal caregiving
 - Devaluing feelings 1.39 (.45)
 - Appreciative feelings 3.60 (.78)
 - Regretful and anxious feelings 2.68 (.93)
Social distance 1.89 (.69)
Cognitive reaction to informal caregiving
 - Accusing statements 2.03 (.63)
 - Devaluing statements 2.20 (.71)
 - Appreciative statements 4.34 (.63)
Sociodemographic data
 N 1037
 Age 52.33 (16.61)
 Gender (female) 508 (48.99)
Education – highest educational degree
 - Upper secondary school 360 (34.72)
 - Qualification for applied upper secondary school 115 (11.09)
 - Polytechnic Secondary School 80 (7.71)
 - Intermediate Secondary School 331 (31.92)
 - Lower Secondary School 144 (13.89)
 - Currently in school training/education 4 (0.39)
 - Without school-leaving qualification 2 (0.19)
Employment status
 - Employed 552 (53.23)
 - Retired 336 (32.40)
 - Not employed 149 (14.37)
Marital status
 - Married, living together 627 (60.46)
 - Married, living separately 41 (3.95)
 - Divorced 102 (9.84)
 - Widowed 47 (4.53)
 - Single 220 (21.22)
Vignettes
 Gender of the caregiver
  - Female 529 (51.01)
  - Male 508 (48.99)
 Working status of the caregiver
  - Yes, working 516 (49.76)
  - No, non-working 521 (50.24)
 Gender of the care recipient
  - Female (mother) 529 (51.01)
  - Male (father) 508 (48.99)
 Type of impairment of the care recipient
  - Physical impairment 546 (52.65)
  - Mental impairment 491 (47.35)