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Table 1 The distribution of participant characteristics from the full Play & Grow cohort compared to participant characteristics of our analytic sample

From: A mixed methods analysis of environmental and household chaos: considerations for early-childhood obesity research

  Full Cohort
(N = 299)
Analytic Sample
(N = 283)
P value
  n % n %
Child Characteristics
 Gestational Age at Birth
  37–41 Completed Weeks (term) 188 62.9 181 64.0 0.10
   < 37 Completed Weeks (preterm) 111 37.1 102 36.0  
 Sex
  Boy 170 56.9 162 57.2 0.57
  Girl 129 43.1 121 42.8  
Primary Respondent Characteristics
 Age (years) at enrollment
  18 to < 21 7 2.3 7 2.5 0.02
  21 to < 25 46 15.4 45 15.9  
  25 to < 30 63 21.1 56 19.8  
  30 to < 35 98 32.8 95 33.6  
  35 to < 40 62 20.7 59 20.8  
  40 or older 23 7.7 23 8.1  
 Race/Ethnicity
  Non-Hispanic white 158 52.8 149 52.7 0.59
  Non-Hispanic Black 111 37.1 104 36.7  
  Non-Hispanic other (includes multiple races) 17 5.7 17 6.0  
  Hispanic 13 4.3 13 4.6  
 Educational Attainment
  High school diploma/GED or less 70 23.4 62 21.9 0.07
  Some college 103 34.4 99 35.0  
  Bachelor’s degree 67 22.4 64 22.6  
  Post-graduate degree 59 19.7 58 20.5  
 Marital Status
  Single/Never Married 56 18.7 52 18.4 0.08
  Married 162 54.2 157 55.5  
  Living with Partner 64 21.4 57 20.1  
  Other 17 5.7 17 6.0  
Household Characteristics
 Number of Household Members
  2 members 16 5.4 15 5.3 0.76
  3 members 97 32.4 93 32.9  
  4 members 90 30.1 86 30.4  
  5 or more members 96 32.1 89 31.4  
 Food Insecurity
  Food Secure 248 82.9 239 84.5 <  0.01
  Food Insecure 51 17.1 44 15.5  
 Annual Household Income
   < $20 thousand 78 26.1 72 25.4 < 0.01
  $20 to < $50 thousand 89 29.8 79 27.9  
  $50 to < $90 thousand 57 19.1 57 20.1  
  $90 thousand or more 73 24.4 73 25.8  
  Missing 2 0.7 2 0.7  
  1. Note: Cohort characteristics were predominately reported by caregivers via survey during the 18-month (enrollment) visit for Play & Grow. P values were generated from Chi-square tests. Food insecurity was assessed using the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service’s guidelines for measuring food security. We coded families as having food insecurity if they indicated experiencing any level food insecurity in the 12-months prior to them completing our surveys