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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Associations between adolescents’ internalizing problems and well-being: is there a buffering role of boys’ and girls’ relationships with their mothers and fathers?

  M (SD)
Total sample Girls Boys
Well-being 3.39 (0.97) 3.27 (0.95) 3.53a (0.99)
Internalizing problems 11.15 (9.04) 13.57b (10.02) 8.32 (6.73)
Mother-adolescent relationship quality 4.87 (0.79) 4.82 (0.84) 4.94a (0.73)
Father-adolescent relationship quality 4.74 (0.95) 4.66 (0.99) 4.84a (0.90)
  1. All differences between girls and boys were significant (p < 0.05)
  2. aLarger mean scores for boys, blarger mean scores for girls