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Table 3 Characteristics of the work instability group compared with the group of people with short sick leave (< 35 days) due to COVID-19

From: Recurrent sick leave after COVID-19: investigating the first wave of the pandemic in a comprehensive Swedish registry-based study

  Group with recurrent sick leave Group with one shorter period of sick leave p-value
Participants, n 242 5343  
Sex, n (%)    0.011
 Men 77 (31.8) 2143 (40.1)  
 Women 165 (68.2) 3200 (59.9)  
Age in years, mean (SD) 48.7 (10.4) 46.9 (11.4) 0.023
Country of birth, n (%)    0.015
 Sweden 177 (73.1) 3418 (64.0)  
 European countries except for Sweden 23 (9.5) 650 (12.2)  
 Countries outside of Europe 42 (17.4) 1270 (23.8)  
Educational level, n (%)    0.001
 Primary school (≤9 years) 25 (10.3) 507 (9.6)  
 Secondary school (10–12 years) 99 (40.9) 2672 (50.5)  
 Short university education (13–14 years) 28 (11.6) 772 (14.6)  
 Long university education (≥15 years) 90 (37.2) 1342 (25.4)  
Income: 1000 SEK median (IQR) 276 (103) 289 (117) 0.042
Marital status, n (%)    0.006
 Married 95 (39.3) 2576 (48.3)  
 Single 88 (36.4) 1831 (34.3)  
 Divorced and widow/widower 59 (24.4) 929 (17.4)  
Sick leave prior to COVID-19, n (%) 55 (22.7) 735 (13.8) < 0.001
Employment status, n (%)    0.030
 Employment 225 (93.4) 5160 (96.6)  
 Self-employment 9 (3.7) 105 (2.0)  
 Unemployment 7 (2.9) 77 (1.4)  
In-hospital care due to COVID-19, n (%) 46 (19.0) 966 (18.1) 0.733