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Table 1 The sociodemographic characteristic of the MEFC

From: Association between social integration and medical returns among the migrant elderly following children to Jinan City China

Variables N(%) Medical return χ2 p
No Yes
Observations 627(100) 500(79.7) 127(20.3)   
Age 66.2 ± 4.6a 500(79.7) 127(20.3) 24.285 0.560
Gender 0.167 0.682
 Male 227(36.2) 183(80.6) 44(19.4)   
 Female 400(63.8) 317(79.3) 83(20.8)   
Ethnic group 0.156 0.693
 Han 620(98.9) 494(79.7) 126(20.3)   
 Minority ethnicb 7(1.1) 1(14.3) 6(85.7)   
Marital status 0.684 0.408
 Married 560(89.3) 444(79.3) 116(20.7)   
 Single 67(10.7) 56(83.6) 11(16.4)   
Education level 0.971 0.808
 Uneducated 187(29.8) 151(80.7) 36(19.3)   
 Primary school 136 (21.7) 108(79.4) 28 (20.6)   
 Middle school 183(29.2) 142(77.6) 41(22.4)   
 Others 121(19.3) 99(81.8) 22(18.2)   
Household monthly income 3.603 0.308
 Q1c 148(23.6) 116(78.4) 32(21.6)   
 Q2 183(29.2) 145(79.2) 38(20.8)   
 Q3 124(19.8) 94(75.8) 30(24.2)   
 Q4 172(27.4) 145(84.3) 27(15.7)   
Hukou 0.808 0.369
 Rural 548(87.4) 43(79.2) 114(20.8)   
 Urban 79(12.6) 66(83.5) 13(16.5)   
Family members in current residence 0.431 0.806
  ≤ 4 202(32.2) 158(78.2) 44(21.8)   
 5 240(38.3) 193(80.4) 47(19.6)   
  ≥ 6 185(29.5) 149(80.5) 36(19.5)   
Migration reason 4.739 0.094
 Taking care of grandchildren 548(87.4) 433(79.0) 115(21.0)   
 Curing a disease or rehabilitation 26(4.1) 19(73.1) 7(26.9)   
 Others 53(8.5) 48(90.6) 5(9.4)   
Migration range 2.050 0.359
 Trans-countyd 143(22.8) 112(78.3) 31(21.7)   
 Trans-citye 418(66.7) 331(79.2) 87(20.8)   
 Trans-province or countyf 66(10.5) 57(86.4) 9(13.6)   
Applied for temporary resident permit 11.006 0.001***
 Yes 222(35.4) 193(86.9) 29(13.1)   
 No 405(64.6) 307(75.8) 98(24.2)   
The number of accompany-migrated 12.678 0.001***
 Alone 217(34.6) 156(71.9) 61(28.1)   
 Accompanied by one or more 410(65.4) 344(83.9) 66(16.1)   
  1. Notes: p<0.05,**p<0.01,***p<0.001
  2. aPresented as mean ± standard deviation
  3. bMinority ethnic including Manchu, Hui, Mongol, Tibetan and other minority ethnic groups
  4. cQuartile 1 (Q1) is the lowest and Quartile 4 (Q4) is the highest group
  5. dTrans-county refers to Chinese internal migrant flowing into the urban area from a county or village in Jinan
  6. eTrans-city refers to Chinese internal migrant flowing into Jinan from another city in Shandong Province
  7. fTrans-province refers to Chinese internal migrant flowing into Jinan City of Shandong Province from other provinces