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Table 3 Comparison of depressive symptoms across gender in matched cohorts

From: Gender differences in depressive symptoms of rural Chinese grandparents caring for grandchildren

Variables Grandchild-care duration Grandchild-care provision Grandchild-care intensity
Mean (SD) Non-caregivers Caregivers Low Moderate High
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Gender
 Male 7.55 7.82 7.32 7.15 7.34 7.35
(6.06) (6.14) (5.98) (5.81) (5.97) (6.04)
 Female 10.23 10.62 9.91 9.90 9.39 10.08
(6.92) (7.10) (6.75) (7.07) (6.48) (6.73)
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. Depressive symptoms were measured by CES-D
  2. Univariate ANOVA was employed