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Table 2 Odds ratios for GAD prevalence by demographic characteristic, resilience and worried factors to COVID-19

From: Generalized anxiety disorder and resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic: evidence from China during the early rapid outbreak

  Cases Model 1 Model 2
OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
Age (years)
 18–24 152 (20.6%)   1(ref)
 25–44 734 (25.7%)   1.43 (1.14,1.79)
 45 and above 204 (16.6%)   1.09 (0.79,1.49)
Sex
 Male 359 (23.0%)   1(ref)
 Female 731 (22.4%)   0.90 (0.77,1.06)
Marriage status
 Unmarried 375 (17.8%)   1(ref)
 Married 676 (25.9%)   1.52 (1.24,1.86)
 Divorced or widowed 37 (33.0%)   2.32 (1.44,3.75)
Education attainment
 Below college 347 (33.4%)   1(ref)
 College and above 743 (19.6%)   0.56 (0.47,0.67)
Location
 City 683 (22.6%)   1(ref)
 Town 200 (22.2%)   0.82 (0.67,1.00)
 Village 207 (22.8%)   0.91 (0.74,1.11)
Cities with different COVID-19 prevalence
 Cities of COVID-19 < 100 290 (23.5%)   1(ref)
 Cities of COVID-19 > 100 754 (21.8%)   0.89 (0.76,1.06)
 Hubei (COVID-19 > 10,000) 46 (35.4%)   0.99 (0.61,1.63)
Exposure to Hubei during a month
 No 715 (21.7%)   1(ref)
 Yes 127 (33.4%)   1.90 (1.42,2.54)
Medical worker in your family
 No 715 (23.7%)   1(ref)
 Yes 375 (20.7%)   0.96 (0.82,1.12)
Resilience
 Lower level (1st quartile) 398 (32.0%) 1(ref) 1(ref)
 Higher level (2nd to 4th quartile) 692 (19.3%) 0.65 (0.56,0.76) 0.59 (0.51,0.70)
Worry factors to COVID-19 (ref: not worry)
 Worried self and family member were susceptible to COVID-19 1042 (27.3%) 3.12 (2.25,4.34) 3.40 (2.43,4.75)
 Worried about difficulty obtaining mask 1002 (27.3%) 1.75 (1.35,2.26) 1.92 (1.47,2.50)
 Worried about difficulty distinguishing information 934 (26.7%) 1.83 (1 .51,2.22) 1.65 (1.36,2.02)
 Worried about prognosis of COVID-19 1043 (25.1%) 2.37 (1.72,3.26) 2.41 (1.75,3.33)
 Worried about delay in working 1017 (26.5%) 1.70 (1.27,2.27) 1.71 (1.27,2.31)
 Worried about decreased decrease income 973 (26.9%) 1.62 (1.28,2.01) 1.45 (1.14,1.85)
  1. OR Odds ratio, AOR Adjusted odds ratio