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Table 3 Sociodemographic factors in 2013 associated with frequent attendance to OH primary care in 2014–2016 in multinomial logistic regression (adjusted for age)

From: Sociodemographic characteristics and disability pensions of frequent attenders in occupational health primary care – a follow-up study in Finland

  1yFA 2yFA pFA
  Female Male Female Male Female Male
  OR (95% CI)
Occupational class*
 Manual 1.58 (1.39–1.79) 1.92 (1.73–2.14) 2.37 (1.86–3.01) 2.85 (2.24–3.62) 3.02 (2.05–4.44) 2.93 (1.97–4.34)
 Lower non-manual 1.41 (1.27–1.58) 1.14 (1.00–1.30) 1.67 (1.34–2.09) 1.52 (1.14–2.03) 1.71 (1.19–2.47) 0.98 (0.58–1.65)
 Entrepreneur 0.5 (0.36–0.69) 0.73 (0.59–0.92) 0.25 (0.10–0.62) 0.39 (0.20–0.76) 0.28 (0.07–1.16) 0.22 (0.05–0.92)
 Others 1.08 (0.93–1.27) 1.10 (0.94–1.28) 0.77 (0.54–1.11) 1.20 (0.85–1.71) 1.03 (0.58–1.82) 1.06 (0.59–1.91)
Education**
 Basic 1.06 (0.92–1.21) 1.58 (1.40–1.78) 0.87 (0.65–1.15) 1.52 (1.18–1.95) 1.18 (0.77–1.83) 2.02 (1.29–3.16)
 Intermediate 1.34 (1.24–1.45) 1.76 (1.62–1.93) 1.53 (1.33–1.77) 2.00 (1.67–2.40) 2.07 (1.63–2.62) 2.79 (1.99–3.90)
 Unemployment*** 0.97 (0.87–1.08) 0.95 (0.86–1.06) 0.65 (0.51–0.83) 0.91 (0.73–1.13) 0.72 (0.49–1.05) 0.73 (0.49–1.08)
 Living alone 1.07 (0.97–1.18) 1.03 (0.94–1.13) 1.15 (0.96–1.37) 1.12 (0.94–1.35) 1.35 (1.02–1.77) 1.54 (1.17–2.04)
  1. Frequent attendance to OH primary care was defined as the top decile of attenders (frequent attender 10%, FA10)
  2. 1yFA = Patients that were in the top decile of attenders in one of the study years (2014, 2015 or 2016)
  3. 2yFA = Patients that were in the top decile in any two study years (2014, 2015 or 2016)
  4. pFA = Patients that were in the top decile in all three study years (2014, 2015 and 2016)
  5. non-FA = Patients that were never in the top decile were considered as a reference group, non-frequent attenders
  6. OR = odds ratio
  7. CI = confidence interval
  8. * = reference upper non-manual, ** = reference high education, *** = reference no unemployment in 2013
  9. Confidence intervals (CI) estimated under normal distribution assumption