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Table 3 Demographic and clinical characteristics of PLWH by study

From: Correlates of psychological intimate partner violence with HIV care outcomes on patients in HIV care

Study CNICS PACTOa RETAINa Total
N 5195 408 347 5950
Any psy-IPV 457 (9%) 71 (17%) 36 (10%) 564 (9%)
Felt controlled, but not threatened 194 (4%) 13 (3%) 2 (0.6%) 209 (4%)
Felt threatened, but not controlled 38 (0.7%) 18 (4%) 7 (2%) 63 (1%)
Felt both controlled and threatened 225 (4%) 40 (10%) 27 (8%) 292 (5%)
Femaleb 855 (16%) 94 (23%) 124 (36%) 1073 (18%)
Age (mean, SD) 47 (12) 46 (9) 46 (9) 47 (11)
Race/ethnicity
 White 2320 (45%) 1 (0%) 15 (4%) 2336 (39%)
 Black 1811 (35%) 0 (0%) 286 (82%) 2097 (35%)
 Hispanic 779 (15%) 405 (99%) 32 (9%) 1216 (20%)
 Other/Unknown 285 (5%) 2 (0%) 14 (4%) 301 (5%)
Heterosexual 1434 (28%) 348 (85%) 173 (50%) 1955 (33%)
Men who have sex with men 3401 (66%) 41 (10%) 45 (19%) 3487 (60%)
VL > 400 466 (9%) 192 (47%) 326 (94%) 984 (17%)
CD4 (mean, SD) 668 (331) 540 (346) 181 (150) 631 (344)
Depression 926 (18%) 325 (80%) 264 (76%) 1515 (25%)
ART use 4827 (93%) 297 (73%) 191 (55%) 5315 (89%)
ART adherencec
(mean %, SD)
94 (14) 95 (16) 90 (21) 94 (14)
Substance Use
 Methamphetamine/crystal 446 (9%) 6 (1%) 3 (1%) 455 (8%)
 Cocaine/crack 295 (6%) 230 (56%) 244 (70%) 769 (13%)
 Illicit opioid 107 (2%) 186 (46%) 29 (8%) 322 (5%)
 Marijuana 1514 (29%) 106 (26%) 118 (34%) 1738 (29%)
 Alcohol 3319 (64%) 162 (40%) 224 (65%) 3705 (62%)
 Binge alcohol 1677 (32%) 109 (27%) 158 (46%) 1944 (33%)
  1. aPACTO and RETAIN were both STTR studies
  2. bBirth sex
  3. cAdherence defined as % of medication taken in past 30 days
  4. Abbreviations: ARTantiretroviral therapy; IPV intimate partner violence; SD standard deviation; VL viral load