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Table 1 PROGRESS+ Factors

From: Examining the effectiveness of place-based interventions to improve public health and reduce health inequalities: an umbrella review

Adapted from Kavanagh et al. [58] and O’Neill et al. [60]
Place of residence Rural/urban/inner-city, housing characteristics, social housing.
Race, ethnicity, cultural background Racial, ethnic, or socio-cultural background.
Occupation Employment status, type of occupation, employment-based benefits, unemployment, out-of-work benefits.
Gender and sex Biological and gender-based differences and characteristics.
Religion Religious background/affiliation.
Education Level of education attained and/or years spent in education, school type.
Social capital Social relationships and networks, trust between community members, civic participation, collective community action, shared community goals.
Socio-economic status Income, welfare, assets/resources at individual or household level.
+ Age, disability, citizen status (e.g. refugee or displaced), minority groups. Instances where a person may be temporarily at a disadvantage; respite care or time in hospital. Instances where features of relationships place a person at a disadvantage; smoking parents or being excluded from school.