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Table 6 Factors associated with the use of protective measures for people who felt exposed to tick bites, Health Barometer 2019

From: Increased awareness and knowledge of Lyme Borreliosis and tick bite prevention among the general population in France: 2016 and 2019 health barometer survey

  Using skin repellent Wearing long sleeves and long pants Checking for and removing ticks At least one of the three protective measuresa Wearing long sleeves and pants AND checking for and removing ticks
  N = 2580 N = 2567 N = 2555 N = 2571 N = 2572
  % aOR 95% CI % aOR 95% CI % aOR 95% CI % aOR 95% CI % aOR 95% CI
Sex
 Male 13% ref    72% ref    51% ref    82% ref    41% ref   
 Female 22% 1.4*** 1.2 1.6 74% 1.0 0.9 1.1 57% 1.1 1.0 1.2 84% 0.9 0.7 1.2 48% 1.1* 1.0 1.3
Age (years)
 18–24 13% ref    58% ref    46% ref    71% ref    34% ref   
 25–34 16% 1.2 0.6 2.6 72% 1.6 1.0 2.7 56% 1.0 0.6 1.8 81% 1.4 0.8 2.5 47% 1.2 0.7 2.1
 35–44 18% 1.4 0.7 2.9 72% 1.7* 1.0 2.9 58% 1.0 0.6 1.7 84% 1.7 0.9 2.9 48% 1.2 0.7 2.0
 45–54 18% 1.3 0.7 2.7 69% 1.4 0.8 2.2 54% 0.8 0.5 1.3 81% 1.2 0.7 2.2 43% 0.9 0.5 1.5
 55–64 19% 1.5 0.7 2.9 79% 2.2*** 1.3 3.7 54% 0.8 0.4 1.3 87% 2.0* 1.1 3.4 48% 1.0 0.6 1.8
 65–75 18% 1.4 0.7 2.8 80% 2.2*** 1.3 3.8 49% 0.6 0.4 1.0 88% 2.0* 1.1 3.6 41% 0.8 0.4 1.3
Level of LB regional incidence
 Low incidence 20% ref    73% ref    47% ref    81% ref    40% ref   
 Medium incidence 15% 0.8 0.6 1.3 68% 0.7* 0.5 1.0 61% 1.4 1.0 2.0 82% 0.9 0.6 1.3 46% 1.0 0.7 1.4
 High incidence 17% 1.1 0.8 1.5 76% 0.9 0.7 1.2 64% 1.5*** 1.2 2.0 87% 1.2 0.8 1.6 53% 1.3* 1.0 1.6
Education level
  < Secondary school level 20% ref    77% ref    53% ref    85% ref    46% ref   
 Secondary school diploma 16% 0.8 0.6 1.2 69% 0.7 0.5 1.0 49% 0.7* 0.5 1.0 80% 0.7 0.5 1.0 39% 0.7 0.5 0.9
 Higher education qualification 15% 0.8 0.5 1.1 71% 0.8 0.6 1.1 58% 1.2 0.9 1.6 83% 0.9 0.6 1.4 46% 1.0 0.7 1.3
Household monthly income
 1st tercile (low) 21% ref    75% ref    55% ref    85% ref    46% ref   
 2nd tercile 17% 0.7 0.5 1.0 72% 0.8 0.6 1.1 55% 1.0 0.7 1.3 81% 0.7 0.5 1.0 47% 1.0 0.8 1.4
 3rd tercile (high) 14% 0.6* 0.4 0.9 73% 0.9 0.6 1.2 52% 0.9 0.6 1.2 84% 0.9 0.6 1.4 41% 0.8 0.6 1.2
 Refusal to answer 18% 0.8 0.5 1.4 74% 1.1 0.7 1.7 47% 0.8 0.5 1.2 83% 1.0 0.6 1.7 40% 0.9 0.6 1.4
Level of urbanization of the place of residence
 Paris urban area 23% ref    67% ref    41% ref    77% ref    35% ref   
 Rural 16% 0.5* 0.3 0.9 75% 1.2 0.8 2.0 59% 1.3 0.8 2.0 85% 1.2 0.7 2.2 48% 1.2 0.7 1.8
  < 20,000 inhabitants 19% 0.7 0.4 1.2 72% 1.1 0.7 1.8 54% 1.2 0.7 1.9 87% 1.0 0.5 1.7 45% 1.1 0.7 1.8
 20,000–99,999 inhabitants 22% 0.8 0.4 1.5 76% 1.4 0.8 2.4 56% 1.5 0.9 2.5 90% 1.5 0.8 2.9 47% 1.4 0.8 2.4
 100,000–199,999 inhabitants 24% 0.9 0.4 2.1 82% 2.2* 1.1 4.5 64% 2.1* 1.1 4.1 78% 2.4 1.0 6.1 56% 2.1* 1.1 4.1
  > = 200,000 inhabitants 14% 0.5* 0.3 0.9 70% 1.1 0.7 1.9 44% 1.0 0.6 1.7 77% 1.0 0.6 1.8 36% 1.0 0.6 1.7
Socio-professional category
 Intermediate profession 16% ref    73% ref    50% ref    83% ref    41% ref   
 Farmers 11% 0.7 0.3 1.7 68% 0.7 0.4 1.1 57% 1.4 0.8 2.4 79% 0.6 0.3 1.1 45% 1.3 0.8 2.1
 Craftsman/shopkeeper/business owner 15% 0.9 0.5 1.5 71% 0.8 0.5 1.2 53% 1.2 0.8 1.8 81% 0.8 0.5 1.3 43% 1.1 0.7 1.7
 Executive/intellectual profession 15% 1.1 0.7 1.6 72% 0.9 0.6 1.3 53% 1.0 0.8 1.4 79% 0.7 0.4 1.0 45% 1.2 0.9 1.6
 Employees 22% 1.1 0.8 1.7 76% 1.1 0.8 1.5 57% 1.5** 1.1 2.1 87% 1.4 1.0 2.1 47% 1.4* 1.0 1.8
 Blue-collar workers 18% 1.2 0.8 1.9 74% 1.0 0.7 1.4 54% 1.4 0.9 2.0 83% 1.0 0.6 1.5 47% 1.4 1.0 2.0
 No professional activity 29% 3.5 0.4 32.5 57% 0.7 0.1 3.4 29% 0.5 0.1 3.1 76% 1.0 0.1 6.6 10% 0.2 0.0 1.5
Have you ever been bitten by a tick?
 No 16% ref    70% ref    41% ref    78% ref    33% ref   
 Yes 20% 1.4** 1.1 1.9 79% 1.6*** 1.3 2.0 72% 3.7*** 3.0 4.7 90% 2.5*** 1.9 3.4 61% 3.3*** 2.6 4.0
Feeling concerned about having LB
 No 11% ref    68% ref    40% ref    77% ref    32% ref   
 Yes 23% 2.2*** 1.6 3.0 78% 1.5*** 1.2 1.9 64% 2.5*** 2.0 3.1 88% 2.0*** 1.5 2.7 54% 2.3*** 1.8 2.8
Thinking tick bites can have health consequences
 No 36%     49% ref    41% ref    70% ref    32% ref   
 Yes 17%     74% 2.8* 1.0 7.7 54%     84%     45%    
Feeling well informed about LB
 No 17%     68% ref    46% ref    78% ref    37% ref   
 Yes 18%     78% 1.4** 1.1 1.8 61% 1.7*** 1.3 2.1 88% 1.7*** 1.3 2.3 51% 1.6*** 1.3 1.9
  1. *** p < 0.001; ** p < 0.01; * p < 0.05. aOR: adjusted odds ratio. 95% CI: 95% confidence interval, aUsing repellent, wearing long sleeves and pants, or checking for and removing ticks