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Table 5 Proportion of the French population using protective measures against tick bites according to sociodemographic characteristics and survey year, Health Barometer 2016 and 2019, France

From: Increased awareness and knowledge of Lyme Borreliosis and tick bite prevention among the general population in France: 2016 and 2019 health barometer survey

  Wearing long sleeves and pants Checking for and removing ticks Using at least one of the three protective measuresa
  2016
(N = 14,875)
2019
(N = 9611)
p-value 2016
(N = 14,875)
2019
(N = 9611)
p-value 2016
(N = 14,875)
2019
(N = 9611)
p-value
  % %   % %   % %  
Yes (often/sometimes) 66 74 < 0.001 47 54 < 0.001 76 83 < 0.001
Sex
 Male 67 72 0.02 44 51 0.006 77 82 0.006
 Female 64 74 < 0.001 50 57 0.002 76 84 < 0.001
Age (years)
 18–24 56 58 NS 51 46 NS 73 71 NS
 25–34 65 72 NS 56 56 NS 75 81 NS
 35–44 65 72 0.03 52 58 NS 78 84 NS
 45–54 67 69 0.3 45 54 0.01 76 81 NS
 55–64 68 79 < 0.001 43 54 < 0.001 79 88 < 0.001
 65–75 66 80 < 0.001 41 49 0.01 75 88 < 0.001
Level of LB regional incidence
 High incidence 67 76 < 0.001 55 64 0.01 81 87 0.006
 Medium incidence 68 68 NS 55 60 NS 79 82 NS
 Low incidence 64 73 NS 43 47 0.03 74 81 < 0.001
Level of urbanization of the place of residence
 Rural 68 75 < 0.001 50 58 < 0.001 79 85 < 0.001
  < 20,000 inhabitants 67 72 NS 46 54 0.02 76 82 NS
 20,000–99,999 inhabitants 68 76 NS 50 56 NS 79 87 0.03
 100,000–199,999 inhabitants 58 82 < 0.001 50 64 NS 71 89 0.001
  > = 200,000 inhabitants 59 70 0.01 42 44 NS 71 78 NS
 Paris urban area 65 67 NS 43 41 NS 74 78 NS
Socio-professional category
 Farmers 70 68 NS 47 57 NS 82 79 NS
 Craftsman/shopkeeper/business owner 55 71 0.004 34 53 < 0.001 68 81 0.01
 Executive/intellectual profession 68 72 NS 48 53 NS 76 79 NS
 Intermediate profession 66 73 0.005 53 51 NS 78 83 0.03
 Employees 63 76 < 0.001 46 57 < 0.001 74 87 < 0.001
 Blue-collar workers 70 74 NS 46 54 0.04 80 83 NS
 No professional activity 56 57 NS 44 30 NS 66 76 NS
  1. aUsing repellent, wearing long sleeves and pants, or checking for and removing ticks