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Table.1 Descriptive Characteristicsa of the Target Population of HCHS/SOL, for the Entire Analytic Sample and the Adult Immigrant Subpopulationb

From: Demographic and sociocultural risk factors for adulthood weight gain in Hispanic/Latinos: results from the Hispanic Community Health Study / Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

  Overall
(Unweighted n = 15,203)
Adult Immigrant Subpopulationb(Unweighted n = 8830)  
Characteristica Unweighted N Weighted % or Mean Unweighted N Weighted % or Mean P-Valuec
Male (%) 6024 47.5 (46.4, 48.6) 3302 45.3 (43.9, 46.8) 0.0001
Age (%) <0.0001
22–29 years 1628 18.4 (17.2, 19.6) 212 4.8 (4.1, 5.6)  
30–39 years 2360 23.6 (22.2, 24.9) 1155 21.1 (19.5, 22.7)  
40–49 years 4176 24.5 (23.5, 25.5) 2571 28.5 (27.0, 29.9)  
50–59 years 4286 18.0 (17.1, 18.9) 2834 22.7 (21.4, 23.9)  
60–69 years 2254 11.9 (11.1, 12.7) 1660 17.1 (15.9, 18.4)  
70–76 years 499 3.6 (3.1, 4.1) 398 5.7 (4.9, 6.6)  
Study Site (%) Bronx 3729 28.4 (25.5, 31.5) 1662 20.7 (17.8, 24.0) <0.0001
Chicago 3876 15.8 (13.9, 17.8) 2076 12.7 (10.9, 14.8)  
Miami 3872 30.8 (26.6, 35.2) 3141 44.8 (39.3, 50.3)  
San Diego 3726 25.0 (21.8, 28.7) 1951 21.8 (18.1, 26.0)  
Background (%) <0.0001
Central American 1639 7.6 (6.6, 8.8) 1211 9.3 (8.0, 10.8)  
Cuban 2243 21.1 (17.9, 24.7) 1865 32.1 (27.4, 37.1)  
Dominican 1332 9.5 (8.2, 10.9) 910 10.2 (8.7, 12.0)  
Mexican 5996 36.6 (33.4, 39.9) 3291 32.7 (28.7, 36.9)  
Puerto Rican 2554 16.3 (14.8, 18.0) 596 6.5 (5.5, 7.6)  
South American 1017 5.1 (4.5, 5.8) 809 7.3 (6.4, 8.3)  
Other/Multiple 422 3.8 (3.2, 4.4) 148 2.0 (1.6, 2.5)  
Background (% within Site) Bronx Dominican 1245 31.4 (28.2, 34.7) 847 46.0 (41.4, 50.6) <0.0001
Central American 198 5.1 (4.0, 6.3) 127 6.8 (5.2, 8.8)  
Mexican 191 10.9 (8.5, 14.0) 115 14.7 (11.0, 19.5)  
Puerto Rican 1714 41.7 (38.4, 45.2) 381 20.8 (17.7, 24.2)  
South American 180 4.7 (3.7, 5.9) 123 7.8 (6.1, 10.0)  
Chicago Central American 406 7.1 (5.8, 8.6) 286 9.9 (7.8, 12.4)  
Mexican 2264 61.9 (58.5, 65.1) 1304 68.7 (64.7, 72.4)  
Puerto Rican 726 21.0 (17.8, 24.5) 160 8.0 (6.1, 10.5)  
South American 351 6.3 (5.0, 7.8) 267 9.7 (7.8, 12.1)  
Miami Central American 981 15.6 (12.8, 19.0) 764 14.2 (11.5, 17.4)  
Cuban 2171 67.0 (62.3, 71.3) 1824 70.7 (66.1, 74.9)  
South American 445 8.3 (6.9, 10.1) 387 9.1 (7.3, 11.1)  
San Diego Mexican 3506 93.2 (91.2, 94.8) 1848 93.5 (90.8, 95.4)  
Born in/after 1980 (%) 1768 20.0 (18.8, 21.2) 254 5.6 (4.9, 6.5) <0.0001
Age at baseline exam (years) 15,203 43.6 (43.2, 44.1) 8830 48.8 (48.3, 49.3) <0.0001
Nativity/age at immigration category (%) US-born 2255 18.8 (17.4, 20.2)
0–11 yrs 1118 8.7 (7.9, 9.6)  
12–21 yrs 3000 20.0 (18.7, 21.3)  
22–34 yrs 4687 29.3 (28.2, 30.5) 4687 55.9 (53.8, 57.9)  
35–44 yrs 2313 12.4 (11.5, 13.5) 2313 23.7 (22.3, 25.1)  
45–74 yrs 1830 10.7 (9.7, 11.9) 1830 20.4 (18.9, 22.0)  
Age at immigration (years) 12,948 22.6 (21.8, 23.4) 8830 35.5 (35.0, 36.0) <0.0001
Immigrated in/after 1980 (%) 10,653 74.3 (72.5, 76.0) 7907 91.6 (90.5, 92.5) <0.0001
Time between immigration and baseline exam (years) 12,948 21.0 (20.3, 21.7) 8830 13.3 (12.8, 13.8) <0.0001
Weight at 21 years (kg) 15,203 65.0 (64.6, 65.5) 8830 61.6 (61.2, 62.0) <0.0001
Time between 21 years old and baseline exam (years) 15,203 22.6 (22.2, 23.1) 8830 27.8 (27.3, 28.3) <0.0001
Weight at 45 years (kg) 9090 72.6 (72.2, 73.1) 6164 71.2 (70.6, 71.7) <0.0001
Time between 45 years old and baseline exam (years) 9090 11.3 (11.0, 11.6) 6164 12.1 (11.7, 12.4) <0.0001
Weight at 65 years (kg) 1228 74.9 (74.0, 75.9) 939 74.2 (73.1, 75.3) 0.0033
Time between 65 years old and baseline exam (years) 1228 3.7 (3.5, 4.0) 939 3.9 (3.6, 4.1) 0.0090
  1. a All values (except for N) weighted for study design and non-response
  2. b Adults who migrated to the 50 US states and DC at >21 years old
  3. c P-values came from a test comparing the adult immigrant subpopulation to the subpopulation who did not migrate during adulthood (i.e., who were either born in the US or migrated prior to adulthood). A t-test was used to compare subpopulation means for continuous variables, and a chi-square test was used to compare subpopulation proportions for categorical variables. Due to the inherent differences in the two subpopulations by nativity/age at immigration categories (i.e. non-overlapping categories in the two subpopulations), we did not calculate any statistics for this comparison