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Table 2 Weight Loss Success (≥5%) Across Sociodemographic Subgroups at 6 and 12 months (n = 240)

From: The role of Sociodemographic factors on goal achievement in a community-based diabetes prevention program behavioral lifestyle intervention

  6 months 12 months
≥5% Weight Loss, n(%) p-value ≥5% Weight Loss, n(%) p-value
No (n = 109) Yes (n = 131) No (n = 128) Yes (n = 112)
Gender
 Women 85 (47.8) 93 (52.3) 0.21 94 (52.8) 84 (47.2) 0.78
 Men 24 (38.7) 38 (61.3) 34 (54.8) 28 (45.2)
Race/ethnicitya
 Non-Hispanic white 91 (42.5) 123 (57.5) 0.07 109 (50.9) 105 (49.1) 0.03
 Non-Hispanic black 11 (68.8) 5 (31.3) 13 (81.3) 3 (18.8)
Employment
 Working full-time 47 (51.7) 44 (48.3) 0.12 60 (65.9) 31 (34.1) .004
 Working part-time 17 (56.7) 13 (43.3) 18 (60.0) 12 (40.0)
 Retired 38 (37.3) 64 (62.7) 41 (40.2) 61 (59.8)
 Other employment status 7 (41.2) 10 (58.8) 9 (52.9) 8 (47.1)
Education
 High school graduate or less 9 (30.0) 21 (70.0) 0.25 12 (40.0) 18 (60.0) 0.19
 Some college 37 (47.4) 41 (52.6) 38 (48.7) 40 (51.3)
 College graduate 35 (51.5) 33 (48.5) 39 (57.4) 29 (42.6)
 Graduate degree 28 (43.8) 36 (56.3) 39 (60.9) 25 (39.1)
Annual Income (by home address census tract, in US dollars)
  < 51,934 27 (48.2) 29 (51.8) 0.73 30 (53.6) 26 (46.4) 0.99
 51,934 – 65,105 29 (50.0) 29 (50.0) 32 (55.2) 26 (44.8)
 65,105 – 74,935.5 27 (40.9) 39 (59.1) 35 (53.0) 31 (47.0)
  > 74,935.5 26 (43.3) 34 (56.7) 31 (51.7) 29 (48.3)
  1. Allegheny County, PA. USA. Study date: 2010–2019. P-values determined using Chi Square or Fishers Exact Test for Differences of Proportions. Eligible population: overweight with prediabetes and/or metabolic syndrome. a: Race/ethnicity category n = 230, 6-month success no: n = 102, yes n = 128; 12-month success no: n = 122, yes: n = 108