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Table 1 Basic characteristics of movement behaviours monitoring systems across the European Union

From: An inventory of national surveillance systems assessing physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sport participation of adults in the European Union

Country, name of the system and (abbreviation) Years of monitoring Frequency of monitoring App. number of participants Age range of participants Administration Embedded or exclusively PA/SB/SP
Mode Means
Belgiuma
 Belgian National Food Consumption Survey (BNFCS) 2004, 2014 10 years 1200 18–64 Interview, Self-administered Face to face interview, Computer-assisted Embedded
 BHIS 1997, 2001, 2008, 2013, 2018 5 years 10,000 19–64 Interview, Self-administered Face to face interview, Computer aided personal interview Embedded
Denmark a
 Den Nationale Sundhedsprofil (DNS) 2010, 2013, 2017 3–4 years 520,000 16 + Self-administered Pen and paper, computer-assisted Exclusively PA/SB/SP
 Danskernes motions- og sportsvaner (DMS) 1964, 1975, 1987, 1993, 1998, 2002, 2004, 2007, 2011, 2016 Random 33,000 18 + Interview, Self-administered Face to face interview, Telephone interview, computer-assisted c Exclusively PA/SB/SP
Estonia
 Health Behaviour among Estonian Adult Population (HBEAP) 1993–2017 2 years 5500 18–74 Interview Pen and paper Embedded
 National Physical Activity Survey among Estonian Adult Population (NPASEAP) 2015–2018 Annual 1000 15–69 Interview Telephone aided personal interview Exclusively PA/SB/SP
Finland a
 National FinHealth Study (FinHealth) 2017 to date 5 years 7050 18+ Self-administered, Interview Computer or online survey, Telephone interview Embedded
 Terveys 2011 (Health 2000–2011) 2000–2011 10 years 9000 18+ Self-administered, Interview Pen and paper, Telephone interview Embedded
 Health Behaviour and Health among the Finnish Retirement-Age Population (EVTK) 1985–2013 Annual 2400 65–84 Self-administered Pen and paper Embedded
 National FinSote study (FinSote)d 1987 to date Annual 10,000 18+ Self-administered Pen and paper, Computer or online survey Embedded
Germany a
 German Nutrition Survey (NVS II) 2005–2007 Random 14,291 14–80 Self-administered Pen and paper Embedded
 German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS) 2008–2011 (some participated in 98 GNHIES98) Random 7988 18–79 Self-administered Pen and paper Embedded
Greece a
 Sports for all programs (SFAP)b 1983, 1995 to date Annual 60,000 5–80 Self-administered Pen and paper Embedded
Ireland
 Irish Sports Monitor (ISM) 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 2 years 8500 16 + Interview Telephone interview Exclusively PA/SB/SP
 Healthy Ireland Survey (HIS) 2015–2018 to date Annual 7500 15 + Interview Computer or online survey Embedded
 The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) 2009 to date Annual 8000 50 + Interview Face to face interview Embedded
Italy a
 Aspetti della vita quotidiana (AVQ) 1993 to date Annual 50,000/year 18–64 Self-administered Pen and paper Embedded
 Progressi Delle Aziende Sanitarie per la Salute in Italia (PASSI) 2010 to date Annual 35,000/year 18–69 Interview Telephone interview Embedded
 Italian Population Survey on Alcohol and other Drugs (IPSAD) 2001–2009 2 years 85,000/year 15–64 Self-administered Pen and paper Embedded
Lithuania
 Study of the physical status of adults in Lithuania (SPS) 2010; 2014 5 years 5000 18–75 Interview Pen and paper Embedded
 National Survey on Physical Activity in Lithuania (SPA) 2002, 2007, 2011, 2013–2017 Annual 1525 15–75 Interview Computer aided personal interview Exclusively PA/SB/SP
The Netherlands
 Health Survey/Lifestyle Monitor (HS/LSM) 1981 to date Annual 10,000 4 + Self-administered, Interview, Other Computer aided web interview, computer-assisted telephone interview Embedded
 Additional module Physical activity and Accidents/Lifestyle Monitor (LSM-A PA & accidents) 2015 to date 2 years 10,000 4 + Self-administered, interview, Other Computer aided web interview, Computer-assisted telephone interview, Computer aided personal interview Embedded
 Dutch National Food Consumption Survey (DNFCS) 2003, 2005–2006, 2007–2010, 2010–2012, 2012–2016 2–3 depends on year 3 + Self-administered Pen and paper, Computer or online survey Embedded
 ‘Omnibus of recreation’ (VTO) 2012 to date 2 years 3000 6 + Self-administered, interview, Other Computer or online survey, Computer aided personal interview Embedded
Portugal
 National Physical Activity and Sport Monitoring System (NPASMS) 2006–2009 and 2017–2018 4 years 1250 18–64 Interview Pen and paper Embedded
Romania
 Study on behavioural determinants of health status for the adult population in Romania (CompSanRO) 2016 to date 2 years 1538 18–64 Interview Telephone interview Embedded
Slovenia
 Slovenian Public Opinion Survey (SPOS) 1973, 1975–76, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1989, 1992, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2012 Random 1250 15 + Interview Pen and paper Embedded
 Collaboration for Integrated Noncommunicable Disease Intervention (CINDI) 2001, 2004, 2008, 2012 Random 16,000 25–74 Self-administered Pen and paper, Computer or online survey Embedded
Spain a
 Encuesta Nacional de Salud Española (Spanish National Health Survey) (ENSE) 1987–2017 Random 15,0260 15–85 Interview Face to face interview Exclusively PA/SB/SP
 Consejo Superior de Deportes (CSD) 2005–2015 5 years 12,000 15 + Interview Telephone interview, Computer or online survey Embedded
Sweden
 The national public health survey Health on equal terms (HLV) 2004–2016, 2018 2 years 40,000 16–84 Self-administered Pen and paper, Computer or online survey Embedded
  1. Legend: a = countries with incomplete or missing data from the online questionnaire; b = the sample in the study is not random: c = depends on the year; d = FinSote study started in 1987 under the name Health Behaviour and Health among the Finnish Adult Population and was carried out till 2014 (conducted yearly for adults 18–64 years old, measured PA), after it became a part of The regional health and well-being survey carried out from 2010 to 2017 (conducted yearly for adults 20+ years, measured PA and SB), since 2018 FinSote study is carried out for 20+ adults, measuring PA; PA physical activity; SP sport participation; SB sedentary behaviour