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Table 3 Factors associated with HIV serodiscordant partnership of people living with HIV. Ribeirão Preto - SP, Brazil, 2019

From: Serodiscordance predictors among couples in the HIV context: implications for health care

Variables ORcrude
(CI 95%)
OR Adjusted
(CI 95%)
p
Age
 18–24 0.87 (0.27–2.79) 0.58 (0.09–3.72) 0.837
 25–34 0.73 (0.34–1.58) 0.64 (0.19–2.09)
 35–44 0.78 (0.39–1.56) 0.7 (0.28–1.73)
  ≥ 45 1 1
Race
 Not white 1.11 (0.63–1.97) 2.08 (0.95–4.58) 0.065
 White 1 1
Schooling
  ≥ 11 years 1 1 0.026
  < 11 years 0.43 (0.24–0.79) 0.35 (0.13–0.91)
Sexual orientation
 Heterosexual woman 0.67 (0.35–1.29) 0.93 (0.38–2.29) 0.260
 MSM* 2.55 (1.12–5.8) 2.58 (0.69–9.66)
 Heterosexual man 1 1
Time since HIV diagnosis
  < 5 years 0.73 (0.41–1.3) 0.55 (0.22–1.34) 0.187
  ≥ 5 years 1 1
Viral load
 Detectable 0.51 (0.27–0.95) 0.29 (0.12–0.7) 0.005
 Undetectable 1 1
Number of partners
 1 1 1 0.371
 2–4 2.56 (1.07–6.16) 0.68 (0.17–2.63)
  ≥ 5 10.09 (1.31–77.49) 3.75 (0.31–44.87)
Type of partner
 Casual 10.77 (3.22–36.01) 8.12 (1.7–38.8) 0.002
 Steady and casual 5.17 (0.63–42.34) 24.8 (1.46–420.83)
 Steady 1 1
Intercourse under alcohol use**
 Yes 1.19 (0.64–2.21) 0.79 (0.3–2.04) 0.621
 No 1 1
Intercourse under drugs use**
 Yes 1.57 (0.64–3.85) 4.31 (0.96–19.4) 0.049
 No 1 1
Conversations with partner
 Yes 1 1 0.117
 No 2.12 (1.12–4) 2.11 (0.81–5.44)
Partner alcohol use before intercourse**
 Sometimes 1.08 (0.59–1.96) 1.07 (0.41–2.83) 0.299
 Always 3.7 (0.45–30.51) 14.94 (0.48–469.99)
 Never 1 1
Partner drugs use before intercourse**
 Sometimes 0.85 (0.36–2.01) 0.16 (0.04–0.76) 0.059
 Always 1.06 (0.2–5.64) 0.65 (0.06–7.25)
 Never 1 1
Inconsistent use of condoms**
 Yes 0.29 (0.16–0.54) 0.3 (0.13–0.7) 0.005
 No 1 1
Receive orientation from the health care team
 Yes 1 1 0.001
 No 3.68 (2.03–6.68) 5.08 (2.02–12.76)
Partner invited to clinical appointments
 Yes 1 1 0.919
 No 3.29 (1.79–6.03) 0.96 (0.4–2.26)
Received couples counseling from the health care team
 Yes 1 1 0.310
 No 2.35 (1.23–4.5) 0.62 (0.25–1.57)
  1. MSM – Men who have sex with men; **in the last six months