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Table 2 Association between PLHIV sexual behavior and partners’ HIV serostatus, Ribeirão Preto - SP, Brazil. 2019; n (%)

From: Serodiscordance predictors among couples in the HIV context: implications for health care

Variables HIV status of Sexual Partner  
Seronegative / unknown
n = 286 (72%)
Seropositive
n = 111 (28%)
Total
n = 397 (100%)
p
Number of sexual partners
 1 179 (62.6) 99 (89.2) 278 (70.0) 0.001
 2–4 69 (24.1) 10 (9.0) 79 (19.9)
  ≥ 5 38 (13.3) 02 (1.8) 40 (10.1)
Type of sexual partner
 Steady 149 (52.1) 106 (95.5) 255 (64.2) 0.001
 Casual 122 (42.7) 03 (2.7) 125 (31.5)
 Steady and casual 15 (5.2) 02 (1.8) 17 (4.6)
Alcohol use before sexual relations*
 Yes 126 (44.1) 43 (38.7) 169 (42.6) 0.336
 No 160 (55.9) 68 (61.3) 228 (57.4)
Drug use before sexual relations*
 Yes 59 (20.6) 17 (15.3) 76 (19.1) 0.227
 No 227 (79.4) 94 (84.7) 321 (80.9)
Conversations with partner about prevention methods
 Yes 142 (49.7) 69 (62.2) 211 (53.1) 0.011
 No 144 (50.3) 42 (37.8) 186 (46.9)
Use of alcohol with partner before sexual relations*
 Sometimes 129 (45.1) 49 (44.1) 178 (44.8) 0.355
 Never 143 (50.0) 60 (54.1) 203 (51.1)
 Always 14 (4.9) 02 (1.8) 16 (4.0)
Use of drugs with partner before sexual relations*
 Sometimes 49 (17.1) 16 (14.4) 65 (16.4) 0.792
 Never 230 (80.4) 92 (82.9) 322 (81.1)
 Always 07 (2.5) 03 (2.7) 10 (2.5)
Condom use*
 Consistent 203 (71.0) 51 (45.9) 254 (64.0) 0.001
 Inconsistent 83 (29.0) 60 (54.1) 143 (36.0)
Received orientation from their health care team
 Yes 75 (26.3) 63 (56.8) 138 (34.8) 0.001
 No 211 (73.8) 48 (43.2) 259 (65.2)
Partner invited to clinic appointment
 Yes 67 (23.4) 60 (54.0) 127 (32.0) 0.001
 No 219 (76.6) 51 (46.0) 270 (68.0)
Received couples counseling from the health care team
 Yes 42 (14.7) 30 (27.0) 72 (18.1) 0.005
 No 244 (85.3) 81 (73.0) 325 (81.9)
  1. Chi-Square Test; * in the last six months