Skip to main content

Table 1 The MMR in Urban and Rural Areas of Jinan during 1991–2020

From: Trends, causes and solutions of maternal mortality in Jinan, China: the epidemiology of the MMR in 1991–2020

year Rural area* Urban area* Total*
Number of live birth Number of maternal deaths MMR Number of live birth Number of maternal deaths MMR Number of live birth Number of maternal deaths MMR
1991 37,231 17 45.66 10,431 4 38.35 47,662 21 44.06
1992 30,075 15 49.88 9254 2 21.61 39,329 17 43.23
1993 31,161 7 22.46 10,260 3 29.24 41,421 10 24.14
1994 34,267 6 17.51 10,970 2 18.23 45,237 8 17.68
1995 36,733 10 27.22 12,078 3 24.84 48,811 13 26.63
1996 41,888 9 21.49 11,261 2 17.76 53,149 11 20.70
1997 46,273 12 25.93 11,674 4 34.26 57,947 16 27.61
1998 42,769 7 16.37 12,385 4 32.30 55,154 11 19.94
1999 41,391 15 36.24 11,113 3 27.00 52,504 18 34.28
2000 41,451 10 24.12 14,167 2 14.12 55,618 12 21.58
2001 38,281 10 26.12 13,309 2 15.03 51,590 12 23.26
2002 40,070 9 22.46 15,966 4 25.05 56,036 13 23.20
2003 48,055 7 14.57 20,055 3 14.96 68,110 10 14.68
2004 43,439 13 29.93 16,523 4 24.21 59,962 17 28.35
2005 40,240 10 24.85 15,551 3 19.29 55,791 13 23.30
2006 38,059 7 18.39 16,829 2 11.88 54,888 9 16.40
2007 38,538 11 28.54 18,963 4 21.09 57,501 15 26.09
2008 39,330 6 15.26 21,644 3 13.86 60,974 9 14.76
2009 38,884 6 15.43 19,806 3 15.15 58,690 9 15.33
2010 43,377 5 11.53 22,829 2 8.76 66,206 7 10.57
2011 43,652 5 11.45 21,370 2 9.36 65,022 7 10.77
2012 43,001 5 11.63 21,620 3 13.88 64,621 8 12.38
2013 43,894 6 13.67 20,727 3 14.47 64,621 9 13.93
2014 45,703 7 15.32 23,641 3 12.69 69,344 10 14.42
2015 46,134 3 6.50 21,338 2 9.37 67,472 5 7.41
2016 45,053 6 13.32 32,342 4 12.37 77,395 10 12.92
2017 44,006 3 6.82 37,114 2 5.39 81,120 5 6.16
2018 47,370 5 10.56 32,760 3 9.16 80,130 8 9.98
2019 46,531 3 6.45 33,997 3 8.82 80,528 6 7.45
2020 38,271 2 5.23 29,058 2 6.88 67,329 4 5.94
total 1,235,127 237 19.19 569,035 86 15.11 1,804,162 323 17.93
  1. Notes
  2. *: Cochran-Armitage trend (CAT) P < 0.05