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Table 1 Comparison of highlander and ethnic Thai HPS II respondents. Results for tests of different means (t-tests) and proportions (X2 tests) indicated as: ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05

From: Legal status as a life course determinant of health: parent status, adjudication stages, and HIV knowledge among highlanders in Thailand

  Highlander Thai  
Total (n) 8079 1866  
HIV Knowledge Score (0–6)
 Mean 3.1 4.2  ***
 Median 3 5  
 100% correct 19.5% 30.4%  ***
LS adjudication
 Parent with citizenship 71.3% 96.1%  ***
 Birth registered 31.2% 73.4%  ***
 Adult citizenship 86.5% 98.8%  
Highest education level completed
 Less than primary 80.1% 64.4% ***
 Primary 11.0% 18.8% ***
 Secondary 8.9% 16.8% ***
Age
 17–25 12.1% 5.4% ***
 26–35 24.8% 14.7% ***
 36–45 27.0% 23.5% ***
 46–55 19.2% 26.3% ***
 56+ 17.0% 30.2% ***
Male sex 58.7% 55.8% *
Ethnicity
 Karen 43.9%  
 Lahu 30.5%  
 Akha 13.0%  
 Hmong 9.5%  
 Lisu 3.2%  
Wealth quartile
 1 33.5% 3.7% ***
 2 24.0% 29.9% ***
 3 25.4% 36.7% ***
 4 17.1% 29.7% ***