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Table 1 Study characteristics and domains of inclusion (n = 115)

From: LGBT+ inclusion and human rights in Thailand: a scoping review of the literature

Author(s) Year Focal Population(s) Methods Domains
Quantitative Qualitative Mixed Commentary/ Descriptive POL EDUC VIOL ECON HLTH FAM
Peer-reviewed Articles (n = 76)
 Anand et al. [19] 2017 Young men who have sex with men; Young transgender women   X        X  
 Anand et al. [20] 2017 Gay men & other MSM; Transgender women X         X  
 Baral et al. [21] 2014 Gay men & other MSM     X      X  
 Beaumont [22] 2006 Kathoey (Transgender women)   X    X     X X
 Boer & Emons [23] 2004 General population X         X  
 Burford & Kindon [24] 2015 MSM; Transgender   X    X     X  
 Cadoso [25] 2009 Homosexual & other MSM; Bisexual men X          X
 Cadoso [26] 2009 MSM; Bisexual men X          X
 Cadoso & Werner [27] 2013 Heterosexual males X      X     
 Celentano [28] 2005 MSM     X      X  
 Chariyalertsak et al. [29] 2011 Gay men; Bisexual men; Transgender women X         X  
 Cheung et al. [30] 2020 General population X      X     
 Claes [31] 2011 Kathoey (Transgender women)   X    X    X   X
 Closson et al. [32] 2015 Gay men & other MSM; Heterosexuals   X         X
 Davis et al. [33] 2019 Transgender women sex workers    X   X X X X X X
 Dunne et al. [34] 2019 Gay men & other MSM; Transgender women X        X X  
 Enteen [35] 2007 Lesbian women     X   X     
 Fongkaew [36] 2019 LGBT+   X    X   X   X  
 Gooren et al. [37] 2013 Transgender women X         X X
 Gooren et al. [38] 2015 Transgender men; Transgender women X         X X
 Guadamuz [39] 2007 MSM; MSW; Transgender women X       X    
 Guadamuz et al. [40] 2019 SGM adolescents X       X   X  
 Guadamuz et al. [41] 2015 Young gay men & other MSM   X         X
 Guadamuz et al. [42] 2014 Gay men & other MSM X         X  
 Guadamuz et al. [43] 2011 MSM X       X    X
 Hair et al. [44] 2019 Transgender women   X       X   X
 Halverson [45] 2017 Transgender women service providers   X      X    
 In-iw [46] 2020 Young transgender men & women X         X  
 Jackson [47] 2002 LGBT+     X X      
 Jackson [48] 2011 LGBT+     X X    X   X
 Janyam & Burrows [49] 2013 MSW; Transgender sex workers     X     X X  
 Johnson et al. [50] 2016 Young homosexual & other MSM X         X X
 Kaeng [51] 2011 LGBT+     X X      
 Käng [52] 2012 Kathoey (Transgender women)     X X    X   X
 Käng [53] 2014 LGBT+     X      X  
 Khowadhana [54] 2001 Lesbian women   X    X X   X   X
 Khumsaen & Stephenson [55] 2019 MSM    X       X  
 Kittiteerasack et al. [56] 2020 LGBT+ X         X X
 Laphon & Chuemchit [57] 2017 Transgender women   X     X   X X X
 Limaksorn [58] 2018 Lesbian women   X         X
 Logie et al. [59] 2016 Young gay men & other MSM; Young transgender women X       X   X  
 Magidson et al. [60] 2016 MSM; Heterosexual men & women X         X  
 Manalastas et al. [61] 2017 General population X     X X     
 Mutchler [62] 2004 Gay men & other MSM; MSW     X      X  
 Nemoto et al. [63] 2016 Kathoey (Transgender women)   X       X X X
 Nemoto et al. [64] 2012 Kathoey (Transgender women)    X      X X X
 Newman et al. [65] 2012 Gay men; Bisexual men; Transgender women X         X  
 Newman et al. [66] 2013 Gay men & other MSM; Transgender women   X        X  
 Newman et al. [67] 2012 Gay men & other MSM; Transgender women; General population   X      X   X X
 Noknoi & Wutthirong [68] 2007 LGBT+     X X   X X   X
 Ocha [69] 2013 Transgender sex workers   X    X    X X X
 Ojanen [70] 2009 Counsellors to LGBT+   X    X X X X X X
 Ojanen et al. [71] 2019 LGBT+   X    X X   X X X
 Ojanen et al. [72] 2020 LGBT+     X X X   X X X
 Phanuphak et al. [73] 2018 Gay men & other MSM (HIV+) X         X  
 Pongtriaang et al. [74] 2017 Gay men & other MSM; Transgender women   X       X X X
 Potiwan [75] 2011 Transgender women   X    X    X   
 Samakkeekarom [76] 2011 Gay men & other MSM   X    X      
 Sanders [77] 2011 LGBT+     X X   X   X  
 Sapsirisavat et al. [78] 2016 Gay men & other MSM X      X X X X  
 Sapsirisavat et al. [79] 2016 Gay men & other MSM X         X  
 Sinnott [80] 2000 LGBT+     X X X     
 Sinnott [16] 2007 Lesbian women (Dees, Toms)     X X      
 Sinnott [81] 2011 LGBT+     X X     X  
 Sopitarchasak et al. [82] 2017 Male adolescents    X    X X   X X
 Suwatcharapinum [83] 2005 Gay men   X      X   X  
 Tangmunkongvorakul et al. [84] 2013 Gay men & other MSM   X        X X
 Thianthai [85] 2019 LGBT+   X     X     
 van Griensven et al. [86] 2004 LGBT; General population X       X   X X
 van Wijngaarden & Fongkaew [87] 2020 Transgender women   X    X X   X   X
 van Wijngaarden & Ojanen [88] 2016 Gay men   X        X X
 Walsh & Chaiyajit [89] 2012 Transgender   X    X      
 Winter [90] 2008 Kathoey (Transgender women)     X X    X X X
 Winter & Udomsak [91] 2002 Transgender women X        X   
 Yadegarfard et al. [92] 2013 Young transgender women X      X    X X
 Yadegarfard et al. [93] 2014 Young transgender women X         X X
Grey Literature (n = 39)
 APCOM [94] 2012 MSM; Transgender people     X      X  
 APCOM [95] 2015 MSM     X      X  
 APF & UNDP [96] 2016 LGBTI     X X X X X X X
 APTN [97] 2017 Trans people     X X     X  
 Beyrer et al. [98] 2011 Gay men & other MSM     X      X  
 Cameron [99] 2006 Sex workers; Transgender people; MSM   X    X X X X X X
 Center for Health Policy Studies, Mahidol University [100] 2016 Students (general population)    X    X X   X  
 Godwin [101] 2010 MSM; Transgender people     X X   X X X X
 ILO [102] 2005 LGBT+     X     X   
 Kaleidoscope Human Rights Foundation [103] 2015 LGBTI people     X X X X X X X
 Kaleidoscope Human Rights Foundation [104] 2016 LGBTI people     X X X    X  
 Mahidol University [105] 2014 LGBT students    X    X X   X  
 Newman et al. [106] 2019 LGBTIQ youth    X    X X   X X
 NHRC [107] 2007 LGBTI people     X X X X X X  
 OHCHR [108] 2011 LGBT individuals     X X   X X X X
 OHCHR [109] 2018 LGBTIQ people     X X   X X   X
 Prachatai [110] 2016 LGBTIQ     X   X     
 Samakkeekarom & Taesombat [111] 2013 LGBT people    X   X   X    X
 Suksom [112] 2020 LGBTI people     X    X    
 Suriyasarn [17] 2014 LGBT workers   X    X X X X X X
 Taengkliang et al. [113] 2015 LGBTI persons     X X X X X X X
 Taylor et al. [114] 2017 Migrant workers (general population)   X      X    
 The World Bank [115] 2016 General population     X X X X X X X
 The World Bank [8] 2018 LGBTI people    X   X X X X X X
 Tinnam et al. [116] 2019 LGBTIQN+   X    X     X X
 Togetherness for Equality [117] 2017 Women & LBTI persons     X X X X X X X
 U.S. Department of State [118] 2011 LGBT     X X   X X X  
 U.S. Department of State [119] 2012 LGBT     X X X X X X  
 U.S. Department of State [120] 2014 LGBT     X X X X X   
 UNDP [7] 2019 LGBT people; Non-LGBT people    X   X X X X X X
 UNDP & ILO [121] 2018 LGBTI people    X   X    X   
 UNDP & Ministry of Social Development and Human Security [122] 2018 LGBTI people   X    X X    X  
 UNDP & USAID [123] 2014 LGBT persons   X    X X   X X X
 UNDP [124] 2020 Transgender women   X        X  
 UNESCO [125] 2018 LGBTI students   X    X X X X X  
 USAID & UNDP [126] 2011 MSM & Transgender persons     X      X  
 van Wijngaarden [127] 2016 Gay men & other MSM     X X     X  
 Vanaspong & Kawesri [128] 2020 Women & LGBT people   X    X      
 Winter et al. [129] 2018 Transgender men & women    X   X X   X   
  1. Note: Terminologies for focal populations are derived from original sources. ECON Economic well-being, EDUC Education, FAM Family, HLTH Health, LGBT+, Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, LGBTI Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex, LGBTIQN+ Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, queer, and non-binary, MSM Men who have sex with men, MSW Male sex workers, POL Political and civic participation, SGM Sexual and gender minority, VIOL Personal security and violence