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Table 2 Participant Diagnosis Patterns, by Age Group. As reported via survey by parent

From: Diagnosis patterns of sickle cell disease in Ghana: a secondary analysis

Variable Adults (> = 18 years)
(n = 235)
Children (< 18 years)
(n = 112)
Age of SCD Diagnosis (p < 0.001)
 0–6 months old 27 (11.1%) 12 (10.7%)
 7–11 months old 4 (1.7%) 15 (13.4%)
 1–2 years old 20 (8.5%) 34 (30.4%)
 3–4 years old 20 (8.5%) 22 (19.6%)
 5–10 years old 78 (33.2%) 22 (19.6%)
 11–14 years old 34 (14.5%) 6 (5.4%)
 15+ years old 53 (22.6%) 1 (0.9%)
No missing data   
Mechanism of SCD Diagnosis (p < 0.001)
  “Blood test…”
  For pain crisis
   At the hospital/ER 116 (51.3%) 48 (43.2%)
   At the pediatrician’s office 43 (19%) 13 (11.7%)
  Because child in family had SCD 5 (2.2%) 21 (18.9%)
  At birth (newborn screen) 18 (8.0%) 1 (0.9%)
  For another illness (not pain crisis) 32 (14.2%) 23 (20.7%)
 Other 12 (5.3%) 5 (4.5%)
Missing diagnosis mechanism = 11   
Age of First Pain Crisis (p < 0.001)
  0–6 months old 16 (8.7%) 2 (2.0%)
  7–11 months old 1 (0.5%) 2 (2.0%)
  1–2 years old 30 (16.2%) 46 (45.1%)
  3–4 years old 12 (6.5%) 20 (19.6%)
  5–10 years old 69 (37.3%) 28 (27.5%)
  11–14 years old 21 (11.3%) 3 (3.0%)
  15+ years old 36 (19.5%) 1 (1.0%)
Missing first pain crisis = 64   
  1. ER Emergency room
  2. SCD Sickle cell disease
  3. Fisher’s exact used where individual cells < 5