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Table 1 Participant Demographics. As reported via survey by parent

From: Diagnosis patterns of sickle cell disease in Ghana: a secondary analysis

Variable All (n = 354)
Age (years)
 Median (IQR) 23 (13–32)
Adults (> = 18 years) 235 (67.7%)
Children (< 18 years) 112 (32.3%)
Missing age = 7  
Sex
 Male 164 (46.5%)
 Female 189 (53.5%)
Missing sex = 1  
Patient Genotype
Severe SCD
  Hb SS 230 (65.5%)
  Hb S Beta Thalassemia-zero 5 (1.4%)
Mild SCD
  Hb SC 111 (31.6%)
  Hb S Beta Thalassemia-plus 3 (0.9%)
  Other 2 (0.6%)
Missing genotype = 3  
Age of SCD Diagnosis
  0–6 months old 39 (11.0%)
  7–11 months old 19 (5.4%)
  1–2 years old 56 (15.8%)
  3–4 years old 43 (12.2%)
  5–10 years old 101 (28.5%)
  11–14 years old 41 (11.6%)
  15+ years old 55 (15.5%)
No missing data  
Mechanism of SCD Diagnosis
  “Blood test…”
  For pain crisis
   At the hospital/ER 169 (49.3%)
   At the pediatrician’s office 57 (16.6%)
  Because child in family had SCD 26 (7.6%)
  At birth (newborn screen) 19 (5.5%)
  For another illness (not pain crisis) 55 (16.0%)
 Other 17 (5.0%)
Missing diagnosis mechanism = 11  
  1. Hb Hemoglobin
  2. ER Emergency room
  3. SCD Sickle cell disease