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Table 5 Direct, Indirect and Total Standardized Effects as Results from Path Model on Adolescent and Young Adult Eating Disorder Symptoms (N = 8117) Predicted by Age, Sex, Parental SES, Body Image, Self-efficacy, Social Media Use, Social Support and Mediated via Discrimination Experiences

From: The role of weight- and appearance-related discrimination on eating disorder symptoms among adolescents and emerging adults

  Direct effect Indirect effect Total effect
Predictors β (SE) p β (SE) p β (SE) p
Outcome: ED symptoms (R2 = .13)
 Age −.05 (.001) <.001 <.01 (<.001) .352 −.04 (.001) <.001
 Sex .14 (.009) <.001 .01 (.001) <.001 .16 (.009) <.001
 Parental SES .02 (.007) .067 −.01 (.001) <.001 .01 (.007) .190
 Body image .19 (.007) <.001 .05 (.003) <.001 .24 (.007) <.001
 Self-efficacy −.05 (.001) <.001 −.01 (<.001) <.001 −.06 (.001) <.001
 Social media use .07 (.003) <.001 .01 (.001) .018 .08 (.003) <.001
 Social support −.02 (.001) .093 −.02 (.001) <.001 −.03 (.001) .002
 Weight-related discrimination .11 (.006) <.001 .11 (.006) <.001
 Appearance-related discrimination .04 (.006) .001 .04 (.006) .001
Outcome: Weight-related discrimination (R2 = .17)
 Age .01 (.002) .229 .01 (.002) .229
 Sex .07 (.018) <.001 .07 (.018) <.001
 Parental SES −.03 (.015) .002 −.03 (.015) .002
 Body image .37 (.014) <.001 .37 (.014) <.001
 Self-efficacy −.04 (.001) <.001 −.04 (.001) <.001
 Social media use .05 (.007) <.001 .05 (.007) <.001
 Social support −.08 (.001) <.001 −.08 (.001) <.001
Outcome: Appearance-related discrimination (R2 = .10)
 Age −.01 (.002) .928 −.01 (.002) .928
 Sex .07 (.018) <.001 .07 (.018) <.001
 Parental SES −.04 (.014) <.001 −.04 (.014) <.001
 Body image .17 (.011) <.001 .17 (.011) <.001
 Self-efficacy −.12 (.001) <.001 −.12 (.001) <.001
 Social media use .04 (.006) <.001 .04 (.006) <.001
 Social support −.15 (.001) <.001 −.15 (.001) <.001
  1. Note. ED = eating disorder; SES = socioeconomic status. Significant results at p < .05 are highlighted in boldface. Model fit indices: R2 = .27, χ2 = 6151.19, CFI = 1.00, RMSEA < .001