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Table 2 Results from Logistic Regression Analyses Predicting Adolescent and Emerging Adult Eating Disorder Symptoms (N = 8117) by Discrimination Experiences (Model 1), while Controlling for Age, Sex, Parental SES, Body Image, Self-efficacy, Social Media Use, Social Support

From: The role of weight- and appearance-related discrimination on eating disorder symptoms among adolescents and emerging adults

  Eating disorder symptoms (EDs)
Predictors Model 1 OR 95% CI p
Age 0.97 0.96–0.98 <.001
Sex
 Male vs. Female 2.48 2.16–2.84 <.001
Parental SES
 low vs. medium 1.08 0.88–1.31 .445
 low vs. high 1.20 0.97–1.49 .098
Body image
 Just right vs. little too thin/thick 2.88 2.46–3.37 <.001
 Just right vs. much too thin/thick 5.56 4.41–7.00 <.001
Self-efficacy 0.99 0.98–0.99 <.001
Social media use 1.15 1.09–1.20 <.001
Social support 0.99 0.99–1.00 .139
Weight-related discrimination
 Never vs. seldom 1.57 1.32–1.85 <.001
 Never vs. sometimes 2.05 1.67–2.52 <.001
 Never vs. often 1.81 1.30–2.51 <.001
 Never vs. very often 1.81 1.02–3.23 .044
Appearance-related discrimination
 Never vs. seldom 1.26 1.07–1.48 .005
 Never vs. sometimes 1.34 1.08–1.64 .007
 Never vs. often 0.95 0.65–1.37 .776
 Never vs. very often 2.15 1.19–3.89 .011
  1. Note. OR = adjusted odds ratio, SES = socioeconomic status. Significant results at p < .05 are highlighted in boldface. Self-efficacy and social support are indicated by a sum score ranging between 0 (min) and 100 (max). Social media use is indicated by the average time spent in hours a day, ranging from 0 (never) to 5 (five hours or more). Model 1 Pseudo R2 = .14