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Table 3 Number of interventions categorized by type and risk/protective factor per selected area

From: Community interventions for improving adult mental health: mapping local policy and practice in England

  Camden and Islington Hammersmith and Fulham Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Redcar and Cleveland Blackburn with Darwen Total
Type of Intervention N = 65 (15.9%) N = 75 (18.4%) N = 106 (26.0%) N = 62 (15.2%) N = 99 (24.3%) N = 407
 Signposting, information referral, advice services 36 (55.4%) 28 (37.3) 23 (21.7%) 18 (29%) 36 (36.4%) 141 (34.6%)
 Advocacy and legal support 20 (30.8%) 8 (10.7%) 5 (4.7%) 1 (1.6%) 3 (3%) 37 (9.1%)
 Education, training and workshops to expand skillsets 23 (35.4%) 19 (25.3%) 19 (17.9%) 18 (29%) 18 (18.2%) 97 (23.8%)
 Education, training and workshops for mental health awareness, prevention and recovery 10 (15.4%) 17 (22.7%) 7 (6.6%) 12 (19.4%) 27 (27.3%) 73 (17.9%)
 Promoting physical activity 13 (20%) 8 (10.7%) 3 (2.8%) 5 (8.1%) 14 (14.1%) 43 (10.6%)
 Peer support, mentoring 19 (29.2%) 20 (26.7%) 28 (26.4%) 18 (29%) 24 (24.2%) 109 (26.8%)
 Social activities and befriending 32 (49.2%) 33 (44%) 75 (70.8%) 21 (33.9%) 21 (21.2%) 182 (44.7%)
 Practical help 8 (12.3%) 10 (13.3%) 11 (10.4%) 2 (3.2%) 6 (6.1%) 37 (9.1%)
 Food security interventions 4 (6.2%) 5 (6.7%) 0 (0%) 1 (1.6%) 1 (1.01%) 11 (2.7%)
 Policies, strategies, funding and networks 9 (13.8%) 9 (12%) 7 (6.6%) 8 (12.9%) 19 (19.2%) 52 (12.8%)
 Animal and green space interventions. 1 (1.5%) 1 (1.3%) 4 (3.8%) 1 (1.6%) 1 (1.01%) 8 (2.0%)
 Prevention of further decline in mental illness 10 (15.4%) 6 (8%) 7 (6.6%) 3 (4.8%) 4 (4.04%) 30 (7.4%)
Risk or Protective Factor
 Financial stress 23 (35.4%) 19 (25.3%) 4 (3.8%) 5 (8.1%) 9 (9.1%) 60 (14.7%)
 Job insecurity and unemployment 9 (13.8%) 7 (9.3%) 5 (4.7%) 9 (14.5%) 7 (7.1%) 37 (9.1%)
 Mental health stigma, knowledge and awareness 12 (18.5%) 13 (17.3%) 7 (6.6%) 7 (11.3%) 14 (14.1%) 53 (13%)
 Stigma, discrimination, marginalisation – Ethnicity and migration status 18 (27.7%) 22 (29.3%) 4 (3.8%) 0 (0%) 7 (7.1%) 51 (12.5%)
 Stigma, discrimination, marginalisation – LGBTQ+ 5 (7.7%) 3 (4%) 1 (0%) 0 (0%) 6 (6.1%) 14 (3.4%)
 Social isolation and loneliness 27 (41.5%) 28 (37.3%) 68 (64.2%) 20 (32.3%) 13 (13.1%) 156 (38.3%)
 Caring responsibilities 5 (7.7%) 3 (4%) 4 (3.8%) 4 (6.5%) 4 (4.04%) 20 (4.9%)
 Community safety and cohesion 9 (13.8%) 10 (13.3%) 12 (11.3%) 5 (8.1%) 7 (7.1%) 43 (10.6%)
 Food insecurity 3 (4.6%) 4 (5.3%) 0 (0%) 2 (3.2%) 1 (1.01%) 10 (2.5%)
 Gender-based violence 8 (12.3%) 12 (16%) 0 (0%) 1 (1.6%) 3 (3.03%) 24 (5.9%)
 Access to health and social services 7 (10.8%) 19 (25.3%) 2 (1.9%) 1 (1.6%) 4 (4.04%) 33 (8.1%)
 Bereavement 3 (4.6%) 1 (1.3%) 5 (4.7%) 2 (3.2%) 6 (6.1%) 17 (4.2%)
 Family relationships and Parenting 4 (6.2%) 7 (9.3%) 5 (4.7%) 5 (8.1%) 5 (5.1%) 26 (6.4%)
 Physical activity and other health behaviours 8 (12.3%) 7 (9.3%) 1 (0.9%) 9 (14.5%) 18 (18.2%) 43 (10.6%)
 Mood, confidence and self-esteem 7 (10.8%) 0 (0%) 14 (13.2%) 13 (21%) 15 (15.2%) 49 (12%)
 All risk factors/Risk factor not specified/Other 6 (9.2%) 7 (9.3%) 12 (11.3%) 11 (17.7%) 14 (14.1%) 50 (12.3%)