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Table 1 Characteristics of selected study localities

From: Community interventions for improving adult mental health: mapping local policy and practice in England

  Region of England Populationa Median agea Over 65 years olda Minority Ethnicb Non-UK Bornc Living in rural areasd IMD 2019e – Extentg: Proportion of LSOAsf in most deprived 30% nationally IMD – Rank of Extenth: Rank of proportion of LSOAs in most deprived 30% nationally
(1 = most deprived; 317 = least deprived)
Blackburn with Darwen North West 148,942 36.3 14.5% 30.8% 15.6% 4.7% 0.55 7
Cambridgeshire East 651,482 41.0 19.2% 7.4% 15.7% 64.6%   
 - Cambridge         0.05 202
 - East Cambridgeshire         0.00 295
 - Fenland         0.21 96
 - Huntingdonshire         0.02 250
 - South Cambridgeshire         0.00 288
Camden London 262,226 33.9 12.0% 33.7% 46.9% 0.0% 0.14 139
Hammersmith and Fulham London 185,426 34.8 11.0% 31.9% 43.3% 0.0% 0.16 124
Islington London 239,142 32.1 8.9% 32.0% 33.1% 0.0% 0.27 74
Peterborough East 201,041 36.5 14.9% 16.7% 23.5% 12.3% 0.37 40
Redcar & Cleveland North East 136,718 45.0 22.6% 1.4% 3.0% 32.5% 0.36 43
England 55,977,178 39.9 18.4% 14.0% 15.5% 23.6% N/A N/A
  1. aOffice of National Statistics UK mid-year estimates 2018/2019 [49]
  2. bOffice of National Statistics Census 2011 [50].
  3. cOffice of National Statistics Population by country of birth and nationality July 2018 to June 2019 [51]
  4. dOffice of National Statistics Census 2011 RUC11_LAD11_Env2 [52]
  5. eDeprivation data from English Indices of Deprivation 2019 [53]. The IoD2019 is comprised of seven distinct domains of deprivation which, when combined and appropriately weighted, form the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2019. Income (22.5%), Employment (22.5%), Health Deprivation and Disability (13.5%), Education, skills and training (13.5%), Crime (9.3%), Barriers to Housing and Services (9.3%), Living Environment (9.3%)
  6. fLSOAs (Lower-Layer Super Output Area) are standard areas created for the purpose of statistical analysis. There are 32,844 LSOAs in England, with an average population of 1500. Each LSOA in England is ranked from most deprived (rank of 1) to least deprived (rank of 32,844) [53]
  7. gExtent – The “extent” measure is a summary of the proportion of the local population that live in areas classified as among the most deprived in the country. The “extent” measure uses a weighted measure of the population in the most deprived 30% of all areas. The population living in the most deprived 10% of LSOAs in England received a “weight” of 1.0. The population living in the most deprived 11 to 30% of LSOAs receive a sliding weight, ranging from 0.95 for those in the most deprived eleventh percentile, to 0.05 for those in the most deprived thirtieth percentile. This provides an indication of the extent of deprivation in each local authority area [54].
  8. hRank of Extent – Once the “extent” measure has been calculated as described, the local authority areas are ranked from most deprived (a rank of 1) to least deprived (a rank of 317) on this measure producing the “rank of extent” summary measure [54]