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Table 2 Description of study participants’ socio-demographic characteristics according to study group

From: Factors associated with SARS-CoV2 infection and care pathways among the most vulnerable populations living in Marseille: a case control study

Variable Modality Users (n = 64) Covid-19 case group
(n = 29)
Control group
(n = 35)
Univariate analysis
(α = 0.05)
Sex Male 87.5% (56) 82.76% (24) 91.43% (32) p = 0.451
Female 12.5% (8) 17.24% (5) 8.57% (3)
Age   m = 21.16 years m = 19.69 years m = 22.55 years p = 0.005935
  s = 4.34 years s = 4.96 years s = 3.47 years
Geographical area of origin Central Africa 1.57% (1) 0% (0) 2.86% (1) p = 0.8263
East Africa 3.13% (2) 0% (0) 5.71% (2)
North Africa 7.81% (5) 10.35% (3) 5.71% (2)
West Africa 53.13% (34) 51.72% (15) 54.29% (19)
Middle-East 18.75% (12) 20.69% (6) 17.14% (6)
East Europe 1.57% (1) 3.45% (1) 0% (0)
West Europe 1.57% (1) 3.45% (1) 0% (0)
France 7.81% (5) 6.90% (2) 8.57% (3)
Overseas French territories 4.69% (3) 3.45% (1) 5.71% (2)
Time living in France   m = 5.37 years m = 4.38 years m = 6.06 years p = 0.06344
  s = 7.52 years s = 7.23 years s = 7.75 years
Education level No diploma 32.81% (21) 41.38% (12) 25.71% (9) p = 0.04083
Junior high school 54.69% (35) 58.62% (17) 51.43% (18)
High school 7.81% (5) 0% (0) 14.29% (5)
University 4.69% (3) 0% (0) 8.57% (3)
Type of occupation No professional activity 20.31% (13) 31.04% (9) 11.43% (4) p = 0.01304
Student 54.69% (35) 62.07% (18) 48.57% (17)
Factory worker 1.56% (1) 0% (0) 2.86% (1)
Artisan 6.25% (4) 3.45% (1) 8.57% (3)
Employee 17.19% (11) 3.45% (1) 28.57% (10)
Type of accommodation Single room 54.69% (35) 44.83% (13) 62.86% (22) p = 0.0002112
Single apartment 10.94% (7) 17.24% (5) 5.71% (2)
Shared room 17.19% (11) 3.45% (1) 28.57% (10)
Shared apartment 17.19% (11) 34.48% (10) 2.86% (1)
Conjugal status Single 87.50% (56) 82.76% (24) 91.43% (32) p = 0.451
In a relationship 12.50% (8) 17.24% (5) 8.57% (3)
Number of dependent children None 90.63% (58) 89.66% (26) 91.43% (32) p ≈ 1
1 6.25% (4) 6.90% (2) 5.71% (2)
2 3.12% (2) 3.45% (1) 2.86% (1)
Social support No social support 3.12% (2) 3.45% (1) 2.86% (1) p ≈ 1
State Medical Assistance 7.81% (5) 6.90% (2) 8.57% (3)
Routine social support (i.e., national health insurance cover, complementary insurance cover, etc.) 89.06% (57) 89.65% (26) 88.57% (31)
  1. *AAJT: Association for Helping Young Workers