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Table 3 Sociodemographic data, life satisfaction, and affective wellbeing across six latent profiles of daily time use (n = 30,152)

From: How is the way we spend our time related to psychological wellbeing? A cross-sectional analysis of time-use patterns in the general population and their associations with wellbeing and life satisfaction

  Leisure Full-time work Childcare Part-time work & care Education Care
M / n SD / % M / n SD / % M / n SD / % M / n SD / % M / n SD / % M / n SD / %
Age (years) 58.64 18.75 43.24 12.60 36.41 8.53 52.03a 16.13 25.54 9.33 50.38a 17.45
Household income (€) 2491.82 1779.29 3711.54 2216.39 2768.42a 2013.76 2722.50a 1590.04 2780.31a 2441.84 2864.89a 1535.95
Number of children in household 0.48 1.09 0.78 1.07 2.42 1.35 1.04 1.49 0.88 1.28 1.62 1.85
Gender (1 = female) 5365 52.64 6330a 44.49 2335 87.32 539b 67.63 967a 45.94 112b 71.79
Region (1 = East) 2215a 21.73 2980a 20.94 437b 16.34 175a 21.96 285 13.54 30a, b 19.23
Education Low 7221 70.86 7771 54.61 1667 62.34 555 69.64 1772 84.18 121 77.56
  Medium 831a 8.15 2207 15.51 285b 10.66 86b 10.79 123c 5.84 15a, b, c 9.62
  High 2139a 20.99 4251 29.88 570a 21.32 156a, b 19.57 401b 19.05 20 12.82
Employment None 9184a 90.12 248 1.74 2027b 75.80 538 67.50 1900a 90.26 124b 79.49
  Part-time 883a 8.66 3142b 22.08 568b 21.24 136 17.06 151c 7.17 17a, c 10.90
  Full-time 124a 1.22 10,839 76.18 79b 2.95 123 15.43 54a, b 2.57 15 9.62
Marital status (1 = married) 5953a 58.41 7870 55.31 1919b 71.77 528c 66.25 210 9.98 106a, b, c 67.95
Self-rated Health   3.17a 1.07 3.63b 0.89 3.68b 0.99 3.28c 1.04 4.05 0.94 3.15a, c 0.98
Life Satisfaction General 6.21a 2.51 7.10b 1.99 7.23b 2.31 6.42a 2.49 8.01b 2.01 6.24a 2.40
  Health 6.49a, b 2.42 6.84b 2.12 6.37b 2.31 6.33a, c 2.40 7.37 2.07 5.46b, c 2.47
  Sleep 7.68a 2.04 6.80 2.06 6.30b 2.35 6.24a, b 2.45 7.28 2.08 5.31a 2.61
  Free time 7.95 1.97 7.93 1.81 8.27a 1.79 7.69a 2.06 8.06 1.81 7.62 1.94
  Family 7.15a 1.98 7.56a 1.53 7.56 1.81 7.15b 1.85 7.53c 1.70 6.94a, b, c 1.86
Affective wellbeing 14.52 2.87 14.91a 2.58 14.28 2.80 13.41b 2.95 14.90a 2.65 13.41b 3.04
N   10,191   14,229   2674   797   2105   156  
  1. Note. a-c Means in a row without a common superscript letter differ (p < 0.05), as analysed by one-way ANOVA with Tukey HSD post-hoc test