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Table 3 Multilevel mediation analysis of factors independently associated with consistent bed net use

From: The role of ideation on the effect of an SBC intervention on consistent bed net use among caregivers of children under 5 years in Nigeria: a multilevel mediation analysis

Respondents’ characteristics Bivariate regression with unadjusted odds ratio Model 1 with ideation as a single mediator variable Model 2 with domains of ideation as separate mediator variables
COR (95%(CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Ideation as a composite index 1.44 (1.37–1.50) *** 1.07 (1.06–1.08) ***  
Domains of ideation
 Emotional domain 1.64 (1.51–1.77) ***   1.10 (1.08–1.12) ***
 Cognitive domain 1.46 (1.36–156) ***   1.05 (1.03–1.07) ***
 Social domain 1.90 (1.63–2.22) ***   1.07 (1.03–1.11) ***
Level of message recall
 No recall (ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Low recall .97 (.82–1.15) 1.01 (.97–1.06) 1.01 (.97–1.06)
 Moderate recall .82 (.63–1.08) .99 (.92–1.05) .98 (.92–1.05)
 High recall 2.65 (1.43–4.93) ** 1.19 (1.04–1.35) ** 1.18 (1.04–1.34) *
Respondent resides in a location that received community intervention
 No (ref)   1.00 1.00
 Yes   1.05 (0.98–1.12) 1.05 (0.98–1.13)
Wealth index
 Poorest (ref)   1.00 1.00
 Second   1.06 (1.00–1.13) 1.06 (1.00–1.13)
 Middle   1.04 (.97–1.11) 1.04 (.97–1.11)
 Fourth   1.05 (.98–1.23) 1.05 (.97–1.12)
 Richest   1.03 (.95–1.11) * 1.03 (.95–1.11)
State of residence
 Akwa Ibom (ref)   1.00 1.00
 Kebbi   1.11 (1.01–1.23) * 1.12 (1.01–1.24) *
 Nasarawa   1.10 (1.01–1.19) * 1.10 (1.01–1.19) *
 Age   1.00 (0.99–1.00) * 1.00 (0.99–1.00) *
Type of place of residence
 Rural (ref)   1.00 1.00
 Urban   .94 (.86–1.02) .94 (.86–1.02)
Education level
 None (ref)   1.00 1.00
 Primary   1.05 (.99–1.11) 1.05 (.99–1.11)
 Secondary   1.04 (.98–1.10) 1.04 (.98–1.10)
 Tertiary   1.01 (.93–1.10) 1.01 (.93–1.10)
Religion
 Other religion (ref)   1.00 1.00
 Christian   .97 (.91–1.04) .97 (.91–1.04)
Respondent resides in household with one net for every two residents
 No (ref)   1.00 1.00
 Yes   1.11 (1.06–1.15) *** 1.11 (1.06–1.15) ***
Respondent’s sex
 Male (ref)   1.00 1.00
 Female   1.15 (1.10–1.20) *** 1.15 (1.10–1.21) ***
Effect of level of recall on ideation
 No recall (ref)   1.00  
 Low recall   1.54 (1.34–1.78) ***  
 Moderate recall   1.71 (1.37–2.14) ***  
 High recall   3.03 (1.95–4.70) ***  
Effect of level of recall on emotional domain of ideation
 No recall (ref)    1.00
 Low recall    1.23 (1.13–1.34) ***
 Moderate recall    1.32 (1.15–1.51) ***
 High recall    1.80 (1.37–2.34) ***
Effect of level of recall on cognitive domain of ideation
 No recall (ref)    1.00
 Low recall    1.26 (1.15–1.38) ***
 Moderate recall    1.16 (1.00–1.34) *
 High recall    1.55 (1.16–2.06) **
Effect of level of recall on social domain of ideation
 No recall (ref)    1.00
 Low recall    1.03 (.99–1.08)
 Moderate recall    1.15 (1.08–1.23) ***
 High recall    1.15 (1.01–1.30) *
  1. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05,