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Table 4 Relationship between Hepatitis E preventive practices and HEV infection among participants

From: Hepatitis e prevalence, knowledge, and practice of preventive measures among secondary school adolescents in rural Nigeria: a cross-sectional study

PARAMETER FREQUENCY (%) HEPATITIS E P-VALUE
Yes (%) No (%)
Hand wash before meals     1.000 b
 Sometimes 254 (61.4) 3 (1.2) 251 (98.8)  
 Always 160 (38.6) 6 (3.8) 154 (96.2)  
Hand wash after toilet use     0.087
 Sometimes 190 (45.9) 7 (3.7) 183 (96.3)  
 Always 224 (54.1) 2 (0.9) 222 (99.1)  
Fruit/vegetable wash before consumption     0.316 b
 Sometimes 242 (58.5) 7 (2.9) 235 (97.1)  
 Always 172 (41.5) 2 (1.2) 170 (98.8)  
Use of common plate     0.095 b
 Always 60 (14.5) 3 (5.0) 57 (95.0)  
 Never 95 (22.9) 6 (2.3) 253 (97.1)  
 Sometimes 259 (62.6) 0 (0.0) 95 (100.0)  
Wild game meat consumption     0.284 b
 Yes 141 (34.1) 5 (3.6) 136 (96.4)  
 No 273 (65.9) 4 (1.5) 269 (98.5)  
Alcohol consumption     0.423 b
 Yes 92 (22.2) 3 (3.3) 89 (96.7)  
 No 322 (77.8) 6 (1.9) 316 (98.1)  
Intravenous drug use     0.084 b
 Yes 4 (1.0) 1 (25.0) 3 (75.0)  
 No 410 (99.0) 8 (1.9) 402 (98.1)  
 Total 414 (100.0) 9 (2.2) 405 (97.8)  
  1. b = Fisher’s Exact value