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Table 4 Multilevel logistic regression analysis of individual and community-level factors associated with polygyny among married men in Ethiopia, EDHS 2016 (n = 7470)

From: Multilevel analysis of determinants of polygyny among married men in Ethiopia

Individual and community-level factors COR
(95% CI)
Model 0
ICC = 38.1%
Model 1
AOR (95% CI)
Model 2 AOR(95% CI) Model 3
AOR (95% CI)
Age
 15–29 years 1   1   1
 30–44 years 5.60 (3.10,10.1)   5.73 (3.1, 10.6)   5.78 (3.13, 10.7)
 45–59 years 16.0 (8.69,29.6)   16.1 (8.37, 30.9)   16.5 (8.59, 31.8)
Education
 Primary and below 5.26 (2.61,10.6)   3.87 (1.83, 8.20)   3.40 (1.50, 7.69)
 Secondary and above 1   1   1
Religion
 Orthodox 1   1   1
 Muslim 3.33 (1.92,5.79)   3.57 (1.93, 6.62)   2.47 (1.28, 4.77)
 Protestant 1.98 (0.96,4.07)   2.23 (1.03, 4.82)   1.97 (0.90, 4.30)
 Othera 2.98 (0.76,11.7)   3.48 (0.88, 13.7)   2.98 (0.77, 11.6)
Age at sexual initiation
 under 18 years 1   1   1
 At or above 18 years 0.54 (0.38,0.77)   0.45 (0.30, 0.67)   0.46 (0.30, 0.68)
Comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS
 Knowledgeable 1.31 (0.89,1.93)   1.20 (0.82, 1.76)   1.12 (0.76, 1.66)
 Not knowledgeable 1   1   1
Residence
 Urban 1    1 1
 Rural 4.96 (2.51,9.79)    4.42 (2.10, 9.28) 3.00 (0.32, 6.82)
Region
 More developed 1    1 1
 Less developed 4.63 (3.26,6.58)    4.36 (2.99, 6.35) 3.67 (2.30, 5.83)
Community-level educational status
 Low 1    1 1
 High 1.51 (1.00,2.28)    0.92 (0.60, 1.41) 0.79 (0.49, 1.26)
Community-level wealth status
 Low 1    1 1
 High 0.43 (0.29,0.65)    0.87 (0.54, 1.39) 0.94 (0.57, 1.53)
  1. Model 0 (null model) - without independent predictors, Model 1- only individual-level factors, Model 2- only community-level factors; Model 3- both individual and community-level factors; a Catholic and traditional religion follower; COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio