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Table 3 Categories, sub-categories and codes related to waterpipe use in the subjects

From: Aspects associated with waterpipe smoking in Iranian youths: a qualitative study

Categories Sub- Categories Codes
Social aspects of waterpipe use Socio-cultural aspects Social norm
Family norm
Socio-environmental aspects Accessibility
Leisure time
Social relations Peer influence
Individual aspects of waterpipe use Motivational aspects Appeal
Lack of psycho-protective aspects Risk perception