Skip to main content

Table 3 Categories, sub-categories and codes related to waterpipe use in the subjects

From: Aspects associated with waterpipe smoking in Iranian youths: a qualitative study

Categories Sub- Categories Codes
Social aspects of waterpipe use Socio-cultural aspects Social norm
Family norm
Socio-environmental aspects Accessibility
Unemployment
Leisure time
Social relations Peer influence
Individual aspects of waterpipe use Motivational aspects Appeal
Relaxing
Lack of psycho-protective aspects Risk perception
Self-efficacy