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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population before and after propensity score matching by exposure status

From: Transition to retirement impact on health and lifestyle habits: analysis from a nationwide Italian cohort

  Before PSM After PSM
Transition to retirement
n. (%)
Control
n. (%)
  Transition to retirement
n. (%)
Control
n. (%)
 
n. 1653 3516 p-valuea 1635 1635 p-valuea
Age (mean, years) 60.37 58.15 < 0.01* 60.36 60.39 0.78
Gender    0.52    1
Males 976 (59.0%) 2043 (58.1%)   968 (59.2%) 968 (59.2%)  
Females 677 (41.0%) 1473 (41.9%)   667 (40.8%) 667 (40.8%)  
Job    < 0.01*    1
White collar 1218 (73.7%) 2751 (78.2%)   1206 (73.8%) 1206 (73.8%)  
Blue collar 435 (26.3%) 765 (21.8%)   429 (26.2%) 429 (26.2%)  
Job satisfactionb    0.05    0.71
High 338 (20.6%) 619 (17.8%)   336 (20.5%) 315 (19.3%)  
Medium-high 982 (59.8%) 2091 (60.2%)   977 (59.8%) 1008 (61.7%)  
Medium-low 251 (15.3%) 599 (17.2%)   250 (15.3%) 252 (15.4%)  
Low 72 (4.3%) 168 (4.8%)   72 (4.4%) 60 (3.6%)  
Education level    < 0.01*    0.47
High 475 (28.7%) 1268 (36.1%)   467 (28.6%) 440 (26.9%)  
Medium 760 (46.0%) 1661 (47.2%)   757 (46.3%) 802 (49.1%)  
Low 418 (25.3%) 587 (16.7%)   411 (25.1%) 393 (24.0%)  
Area of residencec    0.01*    0.63
North West 389 (23.5%) 741 (21.1%)   382 (23.4%) 387 (23.7%)  
North East 360 (21.8%) 649 (18.4%)   353 (21.6%) 315 (19.3%)  
Center 337 (20.4%) 759 (21.6%)   336 (20.5%) 344 (21.0%)  
South and islands 567 (34.3%) 1367 (38.9%)   564 (34.5%) 589 (36.0%)  
Self-reported health status    0.75    0.78
Excellent 238 (14.4%) 493 (14.0%)   234 (14.3%) 212 (13.0%)  
Good 839 (50.8%) 1839 (52.3%)   832 (50.9%) 863 (52.8%)  
Satisfactory 392 (23.7%) 816 (23.2%)   386 (23.6%) 375 (22.9%)  
Poor-bad 184 (11.1%) 368 (10.5%)   183 (11.2%) 185 (11.3%)  
BMI    0.17    0.80
Underweight-normal 784 (47.4%) 1740 (49.5%)   776 (47.5%) 767 (46.9%)  
Overweight-obese 869 (52.6%) 1776 (50.5%)   859 (52.5%) 868 (53.1%)  
Current smokerb    0.10    0.04*
Yes 378 (22.9%) 727 (20.9%)   374 (22.9%) 314 (19.2%)  
No 1271 (77.1%) 2751 (79.1%)   1261 (77.1%) 1321 (80.8%)  
Sports habitb    0.32    0.36
Yes 541 (32.8%) 1092 (31.4%)   530 (32.4%) 499 (30.5%)  
No 1110 (67.2%) 2389 (68.6%)   1105 (67.6%) 1136 (69.5%)  
Physical functioning    0.29    0.79
Partial limitation 50 (3.0%) 121 (3.4%)   49 (3%) 41 (2,5%)  
Total limitation 61 (3.7%) 104 (3.0%)   59 (3,6%) 59 (3,6%)  
No limitation 1542 (93.3%) 3291 (93.6%)   1527 (93,4%) 1535 (93,9%)  
  1. aT-test was used for continuous variables, chi-square for categorical variables
  2. bmissing data not reported (59 for job satisfaction, 42 for current smoker, 37 for sports habit)
  3. cwithin Italy
  4. PSM Propensity score matching, BMI Body mass index