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Table 3 Associations between self-rated health and potential determinants in mothers: results of univariable linear regression analysis

From: Determinants of maternal health four weeks after delivery: cross-sectional findings from the KUNO-kids health study

Mothers (n = 1225)
Self-rated health (0–100)
Characteristic B (CI 95%) SE (B) β p
Socioeconomic factors  
Age (years) 0.06 (−0.09;0.21) 0.08 0.02 0.42
Single mother 0.28 (−4.76;5.31) 2.57 0.00 0.92
Health insurance −0.27 (−2.01;1.48) 0.89 − 0.01 0.76
Educational status  
 10 years ref ref ref  
 Less than 10 years −0.37 (−3.00;2.26) 1.34 −0.01 0.78
 More than 10 years −1.34 (−2.74;0.05) 0.71 − 0.06 0.06
Employment before maternity leave −1.08 (−3.28;1.12) 1.12 −0.03 0.34
Psychosocial factors  
Subjective position within society (Mac-Arthur Scale) 0.69 (0.18;1.19) 0.26 0.07 0.01
F-Sozu Score 2.54 (1.26;3.82) 0.65 0.11 < 0.01
PSI  
 Personal limitation −0.74 (− 0.89;-0.58) 0.08 − 0.25 < 0.01
 Parental competence −0.82 (− 0.99;-0.65) 0.09 − 0.25 < 0.01
 Parent-child bond − 0.64 (− 0.83;-0.45) 0.10 − 0.18 < 0.01
 Social and emotional strains −5.81 (−7.23;-4.40) 0.72 − 0.22 < 0.01
Domestic environment  
Size of current residence per person living in the house − 0.00 (− 0.04;0.04) 0.02 − 0.00 0.91
Humidity stains (mold) −0.87 (−2.75;1.02) 0.96 − 0.03 0.37
Smoking inside the house 4.14 (−5.43;13.70) 4.88 0.02 0.40
Lifestyle factors  
Drinking alcohol 1 year before pregnancy − 0.48(− 1.83;0.88) 0.69 − 0.02 0.49
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy 1.84(−3.42;7.10) 2.68 0.02 0.49
Drinking alcohol since delivery −0.73 (−2.51;1.06) 0.91 −0.02 0.42
Smoker Lifetime (> 100 cigarettes) −1.08 (−2.38;0.21) 0.66 − 0.05 0.10
Smoking during pregnancy −0.81 (−5.22;3.60) 2.25 −0.01 0.72
BMI (before pregnancy)  
 Underweight −1.55 (−6.00;2.88) 2.26 −0.02 0.49
 Normal ref ref ref  
 Overweight −0.35 (−1.86;1.17) 0.77 − 0.01 0.66
 Obese −2.04 (−4.03;-0.04) 1.02 −0.06 0.05
Healthy diet 0.35 (− 0.93;1.64) 0.66 0.02 0.59
Regular physical activity 0.57 (−0.71;1.86) 0.66 0.02 0.38
Health care utilization
Doctors consultations during pregnancy −0.13(− 0.24;-0.02) 0.06 − 0.07 0.01
History of psychiatric diseases −2.75(−4.95;-0.55) 1.12 −0.07 0.01
History of somatic diseases −2.51(−3.82;-1.20) 0.67 − 0.10 < 0.01
Child and birth related factors  
Birth mode (C-section) −2.25(−3.65;-0.84) 0.72 −0.09 < 0.01
First child −0.67(−1.97;0.62) 0.66 −0.03 0.31
Preterm delivery 0.60(−2.09;3.28) 1.37 0.01 0.66
Season of birth (winter) −0.32(− 1.59;0.95) 0.65 − 0.01 0.62
VAS child 0.34(0.27;0.41) 0.04 0.26 < 0.01
Breastfeeding 2.07(0.42;3.73) 0.84 0.07 0.01