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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of the sample population

From: Lebanese Waterpipe Dependence Scale (LWDS-11) validation in a sample of Lebanese adolescents

  Original sample (N = 1810) Sample 1
(N = 449)
Sample 2
(N = 243)
Sex
 Male 844 (46.7%) 209 (46.5%) 70 (17.4%)
 Female 963 (53.3%) 240 (53.5%) 333 (82.6%)
Smoking status
 Non-smokers 1342 (74.1%)
 Exclusive cigarette smokers 395 (21.9%)
 Exclusive waterpipe smokers 449 (24.9%) 449 (100%) 243 (100%)
 Dual (cigarette and waterpipe) smokers 376 (20.8%)
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Age (years) 15.42 ± 1.14 15.14 ± 1.13 16.55 ± 0.97