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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics and ITN utilisation among pregnant women (n = 17,731)

From: Individual, community and societal correlates of insecticide treated net use among pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa: a multi-level analysis

Variable Weighted N Weighted Percentage (%) Slept under ITN χ2 (df), p-value
Yes (%) No (%)
Individual level
Age, years    13,163(74.2) 4568(25.8) 55.091 (6), p < 0.001
  15–19 2249 13.0 1553(69.4) 684(30.6)  
  20–24 4428 25.0 3412(76.9) 1022(23.1)  
  25–29 4637 26.1 3526(76.4) 1086(23.6)  
  30–34 3484 19.6 2603(75.0) 866(25.0)  
  35–39 2068 11.6 1534(73.7) 546(26.3)  
  40–44 698 3.9 536(73.0) 198(27)  
  45–49 165 0.93 119(72.1) 46(27.9)  
Education      15.946 (3), p < 0.01
  No education 7111 40.1 5244(74.6) 1789(25.4)  
  Primary 5675 32.0 4449(76.7) 1353(23.3)  
  Secondary 4285 24.2 3127(73.4) 1136(26.6)  
  Higher 659 3.7 463(73.1) 170(26.9)  
Marital status      25.295(1), p < 0.001
  Married 14,630 82.5 10,752(73.5) 3878(26.5)  
  Cohabiting 3101 17.5 2411(77.7) 690(22.3)  
Health decision making      52.078. (3), p < 0.001
  Alone 2284 12.9 1579(69.1) 706(30.9)  
  With Partner 6681 37.7 5033(75.3) 1648(24.7)  
  Husband/Partner Alone 8628 48.7 6468(75.0) 2160(25.0)  
  Other person 137 0.8 84(61.2) 53(38.8)  
Wanted current pregnancy      1.179 (2), p = 0.555
  Wanted 13,124 74.0 9801(74.7) 3323(25.3)  
  Later 3571 20.1 2580(72.3) 990(27.7)  
  Not at all 1036 5.8 782(75.5) 254(24.5)  
Health insurance      2.644 (1), p = 0.103
  No 16,343 92.9 12,242(74.5) 4192(25.5)  
  Yes 1298 7.3 921(71.0) 375(29.0)  
Frequency of listening to radio      38.592(2), p < 0.001
  Not at all 7230 40.8 5506(76.2) 1724(23.8)  
  Less than once a week 3685 20.7 2672(72.5) 1013(27.5)  
  At least once a week 6489 36.6 4800(74.0) 1688(26.0)  
  Almost every day 327 1.8 184(56.4) 142(43.6)  
Frequency of watching T.V      36.049 (3), p < 0.001
  Not at all 11,678 65.9 8820(75.5) 2857(24.5)  
  Less than once a week 2114 11.9 1525(72.1) 589(27.9)  
  At least once a week 3427 19.3 2505(73.1) 922(26.9)  
  Almost every day 512 2.9 313(61.1) 199(38.9)  
Frequency of reading Newspaper      1.672 (3), p = 0.643
  Not at all 15,230 85.9 11,375(74.7) 3854(25.3)  
  Less than once a week 1469 8.3 1061(72.2) 408(27.8)  
  At least once a week 957 5.4 682(71.3) 275(28.7)  
  Almost every day 75 0.4 44(59.3) 41(30.7)  
Community level
Residence      3.303(1), p = 0.069
  Urban 5260 30.0 3841(73.0) 1419(27.0)  
  Rural 12,470 70.0 9322(74.8) 3149(25.2)  
Wealth quintile      49.061 (4), p < 0.001
  Poorest 3573 20.2 2733(76.5) 840(23.5)  
  Poorer 3927 22.1 3032(77.2) 895(22.8)  
  Middle 3759 21.2 2778(73.9) 981(26.1)  
  Richer 3414 19.3 2411(70.6) 1003(29.4)  
  Richest 3057 17.2 2209(72.2) 848(27.8)  
Family head      43.544 (1), p < 0.001
  Male 15,517 87.5 11,653(75.1) 3864(24.9)  
  Female 2214 12.5 1511(68.2) 703(31.8)  
Community literacy level      31.404 (1), p < 0.001
  Low 5611 31.6 4096(72.9) 1515(27.1)  
  Medium 6575 37.1 4898(74.5) 1677(25.5)  
  High 5,5 45 31.3 4186(75.5) 1359(24.5)  
Community socio-economic status      72.543(1), p < 0.001
  Low 6823 38.5 4885(71.6) 1938(28.4)  
  Medium 5684 32.1 4434(78.0) 1250(22.0)  
  High 5224 29.5 3861(73.9) 1363(26.1)  
  1. χ2 = Chi-square, df degree of freedom