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Table 1 Baseline participant characteristics by arm and total (n = 80)

From: Mobile health assisted self-monitoring is acceptable for supporting weight loss in rural men: a pragmatic randomized controlled feasibility trial

  MT+
n = 40
MT
n = 40
Total
n = 80
Sociodemographic Characteristics
 Age, years, mean ± SD 54.06 ± 8.15 54.35 ± 9.10 54.20 ± 8.59
Clinical Characteristics
 Weight, kg, mean ± SD 116.5 ± 19.56 111.63 ± 22.45 114.07 ± 21.07
 BMI, kg/m2, mean ± SD 36.1 ± 6.43 35.79 ± 6.16 35.59 ± 6.91
 Systolic BP, mmHg, mean ± SD 133.9 ± 11.69 134.7 ± 14.53 134.34 ± 13.11
 Diastolic BP, mmHg, mean ± SD 81.69 ± 8.44 78.81 ± 10.48 80.25 ± 9.56
 Pulse, beats per minute, mean ± SD 72.54 ± 12.09 68.3 ± 8.64 70.42 ± 10.66
BMI Classifications, kg/m2
 Overweight (25 to < 30) 6 (15.0%) 8 (20.0%) 14 (17.5%)
 Obesity Class 1 (30 to < 35) 13 (32.5%) 14 (35.0%) 27 (33.8%)
 Obesity Class 2 (35 to < 40) 16 (40.0%) 11 (27.5%) 27 (33.8%)
 Obesity Class 3 (40 or higher) 5 (12.5%) 7 (17.5%) 12 (15.0%)
Fluctuation of Weight in a Given Year
n = 78 (39, 39)
  Weight, kg, mean ± SD 4.01 ± 2.59 4.07 ± 2.97 4.04 ± 2.77
Dietary and Physical Activity Behaviors
 Water intake, fluid ounce/day, mean ± SD 36.9 ± 17.05 36.7 ± 14.60 36.8 ± 15.78
 SSB intake, fluid ounce/day, mean ± SD 9.28 ± 14.16 8.70 ± 13.10 8.99 ± 13.56
 Fruits/Veg, serving/day, mean ± SD 2.15 ± 1.88 2.36 ± 1.35 2.26 ± 1.63
 Activity, steps/day, mean ± SD, n = 76 (38, 38) 6235.85 ± 3772.65 6459.66 ± 3049.22 6347.75 ± 3408.98
Distance from Fresh Produce (Fruits/Veg)
 Less than 5 miles 27 (67.5%) 21 (52.5%) 48 (60%)
 5–10 miles 9 (22.5%) 8 (20%) 17 (21.3%)
 10–20 miles 2 (5%) 9 (2.5%) 11 (13.8%)
 20–30 miles 1 (2.5%) 1 (2.5%) 2 (2.5%)
 Greater than 30 miles 1 (2.5%) 1 (2.5%) 2 (2.5%)
Race
 White 40 (100%) 38 (95%) 78 (97.5%)
 Black or African American 0 (0%) 1 (2.5%) 1 (1.3%)
 Asian 0 (0%) 1 (2.5%) 1 (1.3%)
Ethnicity
 Not Hispanic/Latino 39 (97.5%) 39 (97.5%) 78 (97.5%)
 Unknown 1 (2.5%) 1 (2.5%) 2 (2.5%)
Marital Status, n = 79 (39, 40)
 Single 1 (2.6%) 2 (5%) 3 (3.8%)
 Married 34 (87.2%) 36 (90%) 70 (88.6%)
 Widowed 1 (2.6%) 0 (0%) 1 (1.3%)
 Divorced 3 (7.7%) 2 (5%) 5 (6.3%)
Highest Level of Education
 High school graduate/GED 3 (7.5%) 3 (7.5%) 6 (7.5%)
 Some college but no degree 4 (10%) 9 (22.5%) 13 (16.3%)
 Associates degree 6 (15%) 8 (20%) 14 (17.5%)
 Bachelor’s degree 17 (42.5%) 7 (17.5%) 24 (30%)
 Master’s degree 9 (22.5%) 9 (22.5%) 18 (22.5%)
 Doctoral degree 1 (2.5%) 4 (10%) 5 (6.3%)
2018 Household Income before Taxes
n = 78 (40, 38)
  Under $20,000 1 (2.5%) 0 (0%) 1 (1.3%)
  $20,000–$39,000 3 (7.5%) 3 (7.9%) 6 (7.7%)
  $40,000–$59,000 3 (7.5%) 4 (10.5%) 7 (9%)
  $60,000–$79,000 6 (15%) 10 (26.3%) 16 (20.5%)
  $80,000–$99,000 11 (27.5%) 8 (21.1%) 19 (24.4%)
  $100,000 or more 16 (40%) 13 (34.2%) 29 (37.2%)
Employed
 Yes 38 (95%) 34 (85%) 72 (90%)
 No 2 (5%) 6 (15%) 8 (10%)
Household Size including Participant
 One 5 (12.5%) 1 (2.5%) 6 (7.5%)
 Two 18 (45%) 17 (42.5%) 35 (43.8%)
 Three or more 17 (42.5%) 22 (55%) 39 (48.9%)
Health Insurance
Government
  Marketplace (ACA) 2 (5%) 1 (2.5%) 3 (3.8%)
  Veterans Affairs or Military 2 (5%) 2 (5%) 4 (5%)
  Medicare 2 (5%) 5 (12.5%) 7 (8.8%)
Private
  Health Maintenance Organization 0 (0%) 1 (2.5%) 1 (1.3%)
  Private Insurance Company 34 (85%) 34 (85%) 68 (85%)
Unsure/Unknown
  Don’t Know/Not Sure 1 (2.5%) 0 (0%) 1 (1.3%)
  None 0 (0%) 1 (2.5%) 1 (1.3%)
Distance from Primary Care Provider
n = 78 (38, 40)
  Less than 5 miles 21 (55.3%) 19 (47.5%) 40 (51.3%)
  5–10 miles 9 (23.7%) 4 (10%) 13 (16.7%)
  10–20 miles 4 (10.5%) 6 (15%) 10 (12.8%)
  20–30 miles 3 (7.9%) 9 (22.5%) 12 (15.4%)
  Greater than 30 miles 1 (2.6%) 2 (5%) 3 (3.8%)
Last Time Seen by a Healthcare Provider
 Less than a week 1 (2.5%) 4 (10%) 5 (6.3%)
 2–3 weeks 4 (10%) 3 (7.5%) 7 (8.8%)
 1–3 months 6 (15%) 9 (22.5%) 15 (18.8%)
 3–6 months 11 (27.5%) 9 (22.5%) 20 (25%)
 6–12 months 8 (20%) 6 (15%) 14 (17.5%)
 Over a year 9 (22.5%) 9 (22.5%) 18 (22.5%)
 Unknown 1 (2.5%) 0 (0%) 1 (1.3%)
  1. Note:
  2. a. Abbreviations: ACA Affordable Care Act; BMI body mass index; BP blood pressure; kg kilogram; MT+ mobile technology plus intervention; MT basic mobile technology; SD standard deviation; SSB sweetened sugar beverages; Veg vegetables
  3. b. * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001
  4. c. n = 80 unless specified as n = # of total (# of MT+, # of MT)