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Table 2 Odds ratios of hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and current smoking by education, province urbanicity, and year of survey (Model 2)

From: Educational inequalities, urbanicity and levels of non-communicable diseases risk factors: evaluating trends in Argentina (2005–2013)

  Hypertension Diabetes Obesity Current smoking
  OR (95% CI)
Men (n = 42,122) (n = 46,804) (n = 44,817) (n = 47,083)
Education, RII 1.26 (1.16, 1.37) 0.94 (0.83, 1.06) 1.39 (1.27, 1.52) 1.99 (1.85, 2.15)
Urbanicity, SD 1.01 (0.96, 1.06) 0.99 (0.92, 1.07) 1.02 (0.95, 1.08) 1.03 (0.98, 1.07)
Survey (ref. 2005) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
2009 1.19 (1.13, 1.26) 1.17 (1.08, 1.27) 1.18 (1.11, 1.25) 0.80 (0.77, 0.84)
2013 1.16 (1.09, 1.23) 1.14 (1.05, 1.24) 1.45 (1.36, 1.54) 0.70 (0.66, 0.73)
Random effects
 Intercept variance (Std. error) 0.012 (0.005) 0.026 (0.010) 0.022 (0.008) 0.009 (0.003)
Women (n = 58,177) (n = 61,075) (n = 55,733) (n = 61,247)
Education, RII 2.41 (2.26, 2.57) 1.97 (1.79, 2.17) 2.79 (2.57, 3.03) 1.06 (0.99, 1.14)
Urbanicity, SD 0.92 (0.88, 0.97) 0.97 (0.90, 1.04) 0.99 (0.92, 1.07) 1.13 (1.03, 1.23)
Survey (ref. 2005) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
2009 1.02 (0.98, 1.07) 1.20 (1.12, 1.28) 1.17 (1.11, 1.24) 0.78 (0.75, 0.82)
2013 1.03 (0.98, 1.08) 1.21 (1.13, 1.29) 1.41 (1.33, 1.49) 0.70 (0.67, 0.74)
Random effects
 Intercept variance (Std. error) 0.014 (0.005) 0.029 (0.010) 0.031 (0.010) 0.053 (0.017)
  1. Age-adjusted analyses; RII, relative index of inequality (RII > 1 indicates higher prevalence with lower levels of education, RII < 1 indicates lower prevalence with lower levels of education); Urbanicity, percentage of households living in urban areas (per SD = 7.5). Model for each outcome include all main effects of the variables simultaneously with no interactions (Model 2)