Skip to main content

Table 3 Incidence rate ratio of injury-related ED visits by food insecurity status, in the overall sample and subsamples by sex and age

From: Examining the relationship between food insecurity and causes of injury in Canadian adults and adolescents

  Food-secure Marginal FI Moderate FI Severe FI
Injury-related ED visit, unadjusted (n = 212,300) reference 1.19 (1.10–1.29) 1.44 (1.34–1.54) 1.87 (1.72–2.04)
Injury-related ED visit (n = 212,300) reference 1.02 (0.93–1.11) 1.16 (1.07–1.25) 1.35 (1.24–1.48)
Male (n = 96,700) reference 1.00 (0.88–1.13) 1.03 (0.93–1.14) 1.37 (1.19–1.59)
Female (n = 115,600) reference 1.06 (0.95–1.18) 1.23 (1.10–1.37) 1.38 (1.24–1.54)
12–17 years old (n = 18,600) reference 0.96 (0.80–1.15) 1.19 (1.03–1.39) 1.25 (1.00–1.57)
18–64 years old (n = 140,200) reference 1.07 (0.98–1.17) 1.16 (1.07–1.27) 1.43 (1.29–1.58)
65+ years old (n = 53,500) reference 0.89 (0.60–1.32) 1.29 (1.01–1.65) 1.17 (0.81–1.71)
  1. Notes: ED = emergency department. FI = food insecurity. All estimates are from Poisson models; 95% confidence intervals are shown in parentheses after incidence rate ratios. Unless specified otherwise, all Poisson models adjusted for sex, age, race-ethnicity, immigrant status, household income, income imputation status, highest education in household, housing tenure, household type, jurisdiction of residence, smoking status, past-year alcohol consumption, CCHS cycle, and number of ED visits in the year before