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Table 2 Rate per 10,000 person-years of past-year ED visits in the overall sample

From: Examining the relationship between food insecurity and causes of injury in Canadian adults and adolescents

  Food-secure Marginal FI Moderate FI Severe FI Total
All-cause ED visit 10,526 12830* 15340* 20252* 11,090
Injury-related ED visits 1224 1458* 1760* 2291* 1286
Intentional injuries 20 55* 79* 131* 27
 Self-harm 6 18 22* 37* 8
 Violence 14 37* 57* 93* 19
Non-intentional injuries 930 55* 79* 131* 967
 Fall 302 338 409* 532* 315
  On same level 136 158 169* 194* 140
  On stairs 39 47 73* 104* 43
  Others 128 133 167* 233* 132
 Medical complication 110 121 141 190* 114
  Surgical 92 88 117 151* 95
  Non-surgical 64 55 90 95 66
 Struck-by 106 139* 162* 183* 112
  Falling objects 19 26 29 32 20
  In sports 41 47 43 32 41
  In non-sports 52 78* 103* 160* 59
 Transport 85 116* 125* 175* 90
  Pedestrian or cyclist 19 24 35 35* 20
  Motor vehicle 63 87 82 136* 67
 Overexertion 98 112 153* 177* 103
 Animal bite or sting 42 53 52 80* 44
 Skin piercing 27 32 30 58* 28
 Poisoning 26 25 45 48 27
 Other non-intentional injuries 373 444* 501* 655* 389
Number of respondents 188,900 7600 10,400 5400 212,300
  1. Notes: ED = emergency department. FI = food insecurity. Non-intentional injuries included unintentional injuries and a negligible share of injuries with “undetermined intent”. All rates of the food-insecure categories were significantly different from those of the food-secure at p < 0.05 are denoted with asterisk *. All trends were significant at p < 0.05 except “being struck in sports” with p = 0.77, “poisoning” with p = 0.067, and “non-surgical medical complications” with p = 0.15. “Non-motor transport” had p = 0.057 for moderate FI vs p = 0.039 for severe FI; the rate was 35 per 10,000 person-years for both after rounding. Rates from subcategories do not necessarily sum to the exact rates from their corresponding categories due to rounding