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Table 2 Demographics of Sub-Saharan Africans living in Africa and in the diaspora with their mean (standard deviation) scores for the perceived risk of contracting COVID-19

From: Risk perception of COVID-19 among sub-Sahara Africans: a web-based comparative survey of local and diaspora residents

Variables Local SSA Scores P-value Diaspora SSA Scores P-value
Demography
Age category in years, n = 1818(b)  
  18–28 722 20.0 (8.1) 0.003 52 20.7 (8.1) 0.371
  29–38 476 21.3 (7.3)   47 20.2 (7.5)  
  39–48 393 21.3 (7.7)   31 18.3 (8.9)  
  49+ 227 21.6 (7.1)   13 22.5 (5.6)  
Sex, n = 1822
  Males 1002 21.0 (7.6) 0.394 80 21.0 (7.0) 0.118
  Females 820 20.7 (7.9)   62 18.9 (8.8)  
Marital status, n = 1825
  Married 793 21.1 (7.4) 0.293 70 20.1 (8.2) 0.929
  Not marrieda 1032 20.7 (8.0)   73 20.2 (7.7)  
Education status, n = 1827 (b)
  Postgraduate education (Masters /PhD) 576 21.3 (6.8) < 0.001 56 20.4 (7.7) 0.918
  Bachelor education 861 21.1 (7.8)   64 20.1 (8.2)  
  Secondary/Primary education 390 19.1 (9.0)   23 19.5 (7.2)  
Employment status, n = 1830
  Employed 1200 21.1 (7.5) 0.040 97 19.8 (7.7) 0.462
  Not employed 630 20.3 (8.2)   46 20.9 (8.3)  
Religion, n = 1825
  Christianity 1605 20.8 (7.7) 0.510 136 20.2 (7.8) 0.802
  Others 220 21.2 (7.6)   7 19.4 (9.6)  
Occupation, 1753
  Non-health care sector 1357 20.6 (7.8) 0.109 111 19.6 (8.1) 0.743
  Health care sector 396 21.3 (7.8)   34 20.2 (8.9)  
Household factors
 Do you live alone during COVID-19, n = 1826
  No 1483 20.8 (7.6) 0.864 117 20.0 (7.8) 0.860
  Yes 343 20.9 (8.1)   26 20.3 (8.6)  
 Number living together, n = 1650 (b)
  1–3 people 466 20.9 (7.5) 0.866 36 18.9 (8.9) 0.249
  4–6 people 870 20.7 (7.9)   37 17.5 (10.2)  
  6+ people 314 21.0 (7.7)   26 21.3 (6.4)  
Public Attitude towards mitigation measures
Practiced self-isolation, n = 1644
  No 1141 22.8 (4.7) 0.390 83 21.9 (5.3) 0.871
  Yes 503 23.0 (5.1)   50 21.8 (5.7)  
Practiced home quarantine, n = 1641
  No 989 22.8 (4.7) 0.814 91 21.7 (5.3) 0.496
  Yes 652 22.9 (4.9)   42 22.4 (5.9)  
Feeling about the self-isolation
  Anxious, n = 1463
   No 592 20.8 (7.7) 0.865 50 21.0 (6.8) 0.213
   Yes 871 20.7 (8.1)   62 19.0 (9.4)  
  Bored, n = 1493
   No 444 20.7 (7.9) 0.990 30 19.9 (8.1) 0.897
   Yes 1049 20.7 (7.9)   87 20.1 (8.3)  
  Frustrated, n = 1467
   No 704 20.7 (7.8) 0.982 63 20.5 (8.4) 0.657
   Yes 763 20.7 (8.2)   56 18.4 (8.2)  
  Angry, n = 1418
   No 1098 20.8 (8.0) 0.692 88 22.4 (9.5) 0.283
   Yes 320 20.6 (7.8)   23 19.7 (9.2)  
Knowledge scoresc 1855 7.2 (2.2)   150 7.2 (2.5)  
Attitude scores 1855 13.7 (5.2)   150 14.0 (5.5)  
  1. Abbreviation: COVID-19 Coronavirus diseases 2019
  2. For each variable, no of responses = 1969 otherwise indicated
  3. P-values are results of independent t-test and analysis of variance
  4. asingle, divorced and widowed
  5. bAnalysis of variance (ANOVA) was used
  6. ccontinuous variables