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Table 1 Socio-economic profile of older adults in India

From: Socio-economic inequality in functional disability and impairments with focus on instrumental activity of daily living: a study on older adults in India

Variable Sample Percentage
Age (years)
 60–69 5875 61.8
 70–79 2606 27.4
 80+ 1031 10.8
Sex
 Men 4517 47.5
 Women 4995 52.5
Educational status
 No education 4857 51.1
 Below 5 years 1948 20.5
 6 to 10 Years 2129 22.4
 11+ years 578 6.1
Marital status
 Not in union 3745 39.4
 Currently in union 5767 60.6
Living arrangement
 Alone 558 5.9
 With spouse 1518 16.0
 With children 6696 70.4
 Others 740 7.8
Working status
 No 6396 67.3
 Yes 2307 24.3
 Retired 809 8.5
Having children
 Yes 9107 95.7
 No 405 4.3
Self-rated health
 Good 4254 44.7
 Poor 5258 55.3
Chronic diseases
 No 3356 35.3
 Yes 6156 64.7
Substance use
 No 6196 65.1
 Yes 3316 34.9
Wealth quintile
 Poorest 2243 23.6
 Poorer 2107 22.2
 Middle 1963 20.7
 Richer 1766 18.6
 Richest 1429 15.0
Religion
 Hindu 7549 79.4
 Muslim 668 7.0
 Sikh 897 9.4
 Others 398 4.2
Caste
 Scheduled Caste 1976 20.8
 Scheduled Tribe 531 5.6
 Other Backward Class 3491 36.7
 Others 3513 36.9
Place of residence
 Rural 7026 73.9
 Urban 2486 26.1
State
 Himachal Pradesh 1469 15.4
 Punjab 1349 14.2
 West Bengal 1126 11.8
 Orissa 1452 15.3
 Maharashtra 1368 14.4
 Kerala 1348 14.2
 Tamil Nadu 1400 14.7
Total 9512 100.0