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Table 4 OR (95% CI) for metabolic syndrome by quartiles of DPI stratified by gender (n = 2326)

From: The relation between dietary phytochemical index and metabolic syndrome and its components in a large sample of Iranian adults: a population-based study

Sex Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Ptrend
Men
 Crude 1(ref.) 0.72(0.49–1.05)
P = 0.09
1.04(0.72–1.49)
P = 0.83
1.03(0.72–1.48)
P = 0.83
0.12
 Model 3* 1(ref.) 0.54(0.27–1.07)
P = 0.08
1.39(0.77–2.51)
P = 0.27
1.36(0.74–2.40)
P = 0.31
0.15
Women
 Crude 1(ref.) 0.66(0.47–0.92)
P = 0.01
0.72(0.51–1)
P = 0.05
0.73(0.52–1.02)
P = 0.06
0.02
 Model 3* 1(ref.) 0.74(0.40–1.38)
P = 0.35
0.62(0.34–1.14)
P = 0.12
0.41(0.22–0.76)
P = 0.005
0.70
  1. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, DPI Dietary phytochemical index, Q quartile
  2. * Adjusted for age, energy intake, marriage status, physical activity, education level, smoking, job status, house status, family size, house in meters, ethnicity, hypercholesterolemia, chronic disease family history, BMI