Skip to main content

Table 3 OR(95% CI) for metabolic syndrome and its components according to quartiles of DPI

From: The relation between dietary phytochemical index and metabolic syndrome and its components in a large sample of Iranian adults: a population-based study

Variables Q1
(n = 581)
Q2
(n = 582)
Q3
(n = 582)
Q4
(n = 581)
P trend
Metabolic syndrome      
Crude 1(ref.) 0.71 (0.56–0.91)
P = 0.006
0.86(0.68–1.09)
P = 0.22
0.85(0.67–1.08)
P = 0.20
0.01
Model 1a 1(ref.) 0.72 (0.55–0.93)
P = 0.01
0.88 (0.68–1.13)
P = 0.32
0.88(0.68–1.13)
P = 0.33
0.02
Model 2b 1(ref.) 0.58 (0.38–0.88)
P = 0.01
0.90 (0.6–1.33)
P = 0.59
0.79(0.53–1.18)
P = 0.26
0.02
Model 3c 1(ref.) 0.63 (0.41–0.96)
P = 0.03
0.92 (0.61–1.39)
P = 0.72
0.78(0.51–1.17)
P = 0.23
0.08
Abdominal obesity      
Crude 1(ref.) 0.72(0.57–0.91)
P = 0.006
0.82(0.65–1.03)
P = 0.10
0.78(0.62–0.98)
P = 0.03
0.01
Model 1a 1(ref.) 0.70(0.53–0.93)
P = 0.01
0.81(0.62–1.07)
P = 0.14
0.75(0.58–0.99)
P = 0.04
0.03
Model 2b 1(ref.) 0.66(0.42–1.02)
P = 0.06
0.82(0.54–1.25)
P = 0.36
0.83(0.54–1.26)
P = 0.38
0.08
Model 3c 1(ref.) 0.74(0.43–1.27)
P = 0.28
0.86(0.51–1.44)
P = 0.58
0.73(0.43–1.23)
P = 0.24
0.41
Elevated blood pressure      
Crude 1(ref.) 1.28(0.98–1.69)
P = 0.06
1.32(1.01–1.73)
P = 0.04
1.41(1.07–1.85)
P = 0.01
0.01
Model 1a 1(ref.) 1.28(0.95–1.72)
P = 0.09
1.32(0.98–1.77)
P = 0.06
1.35(1.01–1.81)
P = 0.03
0.05
Model 2b 1(ref.) 0.59(0.38–0.92)
P = 0.02
0.81(0.53–1.22)
P = 0.31
0.96(0.64–1.45)
P = 0.87
0.01
Model 3c 1(ref.) 0.62(0.40–0.96)
P = 0.03
0.83(0.55–1.26)
P = 0.39
0.96(0.63–1.45)
P = 0.84
0.03
  1. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, PI phytochemical index, Q quartile
  2. a Adjusted for age, sex and energy intake, b Additional adjustment for marriage status, physical activity, education level, smoking, job status, house status, family size, house in meters, ethnicity, hypercholesterolemia, chronic disease family history. c Additional adjustment for BMI