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Table 3 Odds of any fall in the last 12 months for self-reported comorbid conditions the patient is currently treated for (n = 897)

From: Comorbidities and psychosocial factors as correlates of self-reported falls in a nationwide sample of community-dwelling people aging with HIV in Germany

  No Falls Any Fall Odds Ratio Adjusted Odds Ratio
Diseases of the central nervous system (e.g., epilepsy, Parkinson disease) 20 (2.8%) 20 (12.7%) 5.08 (2.66; 9.69) 4.93 (2.52; 9.64)
Heart disease (e.g., heart failure, heart arrhythmia, valvular heart disease) 47 (6.5%) 31 (19.1%) 3.41 (2.09; 5.58) 3.13 (1.85; 5.28)
Rheumatism 34 (4.7%) 22 (13.8%) 3.24 (1.84; 5.71) 3.00 (1.165; 5.45)
Osteoporosis 26 (3.6%) 16 (9.9%) 2.95 (1.54; 5.63) 2.84 (1.43; 5.63)
Chronic pain 106 (14.7%) 51 (31.3%) 2.64 (1.79; 3.90) 2.82 (1.87; 4.24)
Lipodystrophy, lipoatrophy 22 (3.1%) 16 (9.8%) 3.45 (1.77; 6.73) 2.46 (1.18; 5.13)
Severe problems with attention/memory 30 (4.1%) 17 (10.4%) 2.69 (1.45; 5.01) 2.40 (1.25; 4.60)
Polyneuropathy 87 (12.0%) 46 (27.9%) 2.84 (1.89; 4.27) 2.37 (1.54; 3.67)
Myocardial infarction 32 (4.4%) 18 (11.2%) 2.72 (1.48; 4.98) 2.32 (1.22; 4.39)
Kidney disease (e.g., kidney failure) 27 (3.7%) 11 (6.8%) 1.89 (.35; 1.91) 2.21 (1.03; 4.73)
Lung disease (e.g., asthma, COPD) 77 (10.7%) 32 (19.8%) 2.07 (1.31; 3.25) 2.12 (1.33; 3.38)
Diabetes mellitus 47 (6.5%) 22 (13.8%) 2.29 (1.34; 3.93) 1.91 (1.07; 3.41)
Disease of the gastrointestinal system (e.g., peptic ulcer disease, inflammatory bowel disease, gastritis) 81 (11.1%) 32 (19.9%) 1.98 (1.26; 3.11) 1.88 (1.17; 3.00)
Stroke 21 (2.9%) 10 (6.2%) 2.21 (1.02; 4.78) 1.77 (.78; 4.00)
Coronary artery disease 56 (7.7%) 23 (14.3%) 1.99 (1.18; 3.34) 1.76 (1.01; 3.06)
Peripheral artery occlusive disease 31 (4.3%) 12 (7.5%) 1.81 (.91; 3.60) 1.67 (.81; 3.41)
Depression 136 (18.7%) 47 (28.5%) 1.73 (1.18; 2.55) 1.62 (1.07; 2.46)
Hypertension 239 (32.8%) 68 (42.5%) 1.51 (1.07; 2.15) 1.43 (.98; 2.08)
Liver disease (e.g., liver cirrhosis) 50 (6.9%) 11 (6.7%) .97 (.49; 1.91) .97 (..49; 1.94)
Hepatitis c 21 (2.9%) 5 (3.1%) 1.07 (.40; 2.88) .81 (.42; 3.11)
Hepatitis b 34 (4.8%) 1 (0.6%) .12 (.02; 0.91) .12 (.02; .90)
Any comorbidity (vs. none) 472 (64.5%) 138 (83.6%) 2.81 (1.81; 4.37) 2.51 (1.59; 3.97)
Comorbidity sum indexa 1.9 (2.2) 3.4 (3.1) 1.24 (1.16; 1.32) 1.22 (1.13; 1.30)
  1. Note: Adjusted for age, duration of HIV infection, and AIDS diagnosis. Coefficients in bold are significant at the .05 level
  2. aTable shows arithmetic mean and standard deviation