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Table 2 Unadjusted and Adjusted logistic regression analyses of the odds of childhood anemia

From: Maternal health status and household food security on determining childhood anemia in Bangladesh -a nationwide cross-sectional study

  Unadjusted
OR (CI)
Block 1 (Socio-economic characteristics)
AOR (CI)
Block 2 (Maternal characteristics)
AOR (CI)
Block 3 (Child characteristics)
AOR (CI)
Final Model
AOR (CI)
Household Food Security
 Food secure® 1 1    1
 Food insecure 1.20* (0.97–1.48) 1.04 (0.83–1.30)    1.05 (0.83–1.34)
Wealth index
 Poor 1.51*** (1.25–1.84) 1.39*** (1.13–1.73)    1.28** (1.01–1.61)
 Non-poor® 1 1    1
Religion
 Muslim 0.61*** (0.44–0.83) 0.61*** (0.45–0.83)    0.61*** (0.43–0.88)
 Hindu and others® 1 1    1
Region
 Barisal 1.50** (1.06–2.13) 1.51** (1.06–2.15)    1.79*** (1.23–2.59)
 Chittagong 1.09 (0.76–1.56) 1.18 (0.83–1.68)    1.11 (0.76–1.62)
 Dhaka 0.90 (0.66–1.24) 0.98 (0.72–1.33)    0.97 (0.69–1.36)
 Khulna 1.18 (0.84–1.66) 1.28 (0.91–1.79)    1.53** (1.03–2.25)
 Rajshahi 0.99 (0.71–1.38) 1.02 (0.73–1.42)    1.13 (0.76–1.68)
 Rangpur 1.41** (1.01–1.98) 1.32 (0.95–1.83)    1.49** (1.04–2.13)
 Sylhet® 1     1
Father’s education
 No or low education 1.61*** (1.20–2.15) 1.38** (1.03–1.85)    1.29 (0.95–1.75)
 High education® 1 1    1
Mother’s BMI
 Under/over weight 1.10 (0.91–1.34)   1.11 (0.91–1.35)   1.06 (0.86–1.31)
 Normal® 1   1   1
Mother’s anemia
 Anemic 2.02*** (1.67–2.44)   1.97*** (1.63–2.39)   1.87*** (1.53–2.29)
 Not anemic® 1   1   1
Mother’s education
 No or low education 1.92*** (1.29–2.86)   1.75*** (1.16–2.63)   1.36 (0.85–2.19)
 High education® 1   1   1
Sex of children
 Male 1.09 (0.90–1.33)    1.11 (0.90–1.36) 1.18 (0.95–1.46)
 Female® 1    1 1
Age of the children
 6–12 4.57*** (3.17–6.60)    4.26*** (2.87–6.34) 4.89*** (3.21–7.45)
 13–24 3.44*** (2.50–4.73)    2.99*** (2.12–4.22) 3.59*** (2.52–5.11)
 25–36 1.57*** (1.17–2.10)    1.40** (1.03–1.90) 1.58*** (1.15–2.16)
 37–48 1.11 (0.83–1.48)    1.08 (0.80–1.44) 1.19 (0.89–1.59)
 49–59 1    1 1
Currently Breastfeeding
 Yes 2.11*** (1.71–2.59)    1.21 (0.95–1.54) 1.01 (0.78–1.31)
 No® 1    1 1
Child Nutritional status
 Stunted 1.27** (1.03–1.56)    1.40*** (1.13–1.74) 1.33** (1.06–1.65)
 Normal® 1    1 1
  1. Note. OR Odd Ratio, AOR Adjusted Odd Ratio
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001