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Table 1 Percentage of anemia among the 6 to 59-month-old children in relation to different socioeconomic variables (n = 2171)

From: Maternal health status and household food security on determining childhood anemia in Bangladesh -a nationwide cross-sectional study

Variables Number (%) Anemia, p-valuea
Number (%)
Household Food Security
 Food secure 1323 (61) 664 (50) 0.09
 Food insecure 843 (39) 461 (55)  
Wealth index
 Poor 989 (46) 569 (58) 0.00
 Non-poor 1177 (54) 556 (47)  
Religion
 Muslim 1991 (92) 1014 (51) 0.00
 Hindu and others 176 (8) 111 (63)  
Region
 Barisal 118 (5) 71 (60) 0.07
 Chittagong 480 (22) 252 (52)  
 Dhaka 665 (31) 318 (48)  
 Khulna 203 (9) 111 (55)  
 Rajshahi 276 (13) 138 (50)  
 Rangpur 249 (12) 147 (59)  
 Sylhet 176 (8) 89 (50)  
Father’s education
 No or low education 1907 (88) 1016 (53) 0.00
 Higher education 258 (12) 107 (42)  
Mother’s BMI
 Normal Weight 1270 (59) 646 (51) 0.33
 Over/under weight 888 (41) 473 (53)  
Mother’s anemia
 Not anemic 1192 (56) 528 (44) 0.00
 Anemic 941 (44) 579 (62)  
Mother’s education
 No or low education 2023 (93) 1072 (53) 0.00
 Higher education 148 (7) 53 (37)  
Sex of children
 Male 1105 (51) 586 (53) 0.36
 Female 1062 (49) 539 (51)  
Age of the children
 6–12 288 (13) 191 (73) 0.00
 13–24 454 (21) 342 (70)  
 25–36 426 (20) 212 (48)  
 37–47 523 (24) 229 (42)  
 49–59 475 (22) 206 (38)  
Currently Breastfeeding
 Yes 1385 (64) 811 (59) 0.00
 No 782 (36) 314 (40)  
Child nutritional status
 Normal 1229 (58) 604 (49) 0.03
 Stunted 893 (42) 491 (55)  
  1. a P is the chi-squared test